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1. a city, town, or district enjoying some degree of local self-government
2. the governing body of such a unit



in bourgeois states, the elected local administrative bodies and bodies of self-government. In some countries, such as the USA and Great Britain, only urban administrative bodies are called municipalities.

Municipalities are elected by the people of an administrative-territorial unit. According to bourgeois law, they are public corporations. As a rule, municipalities consist of an executive bureaucracy and an elected council headed by a mayor or burgomaster. Municipalities may own community enterprises, housing, and other properties. They supervise public schools, sanitation services, and the local police, and in a number of countries they administer various institutions providing medical and social welfare services. Local taxes are their main source of revenue.

During the period of imperialism, especially under the conditions of state-monopoly capitalism, the municipalities as the bodies of local bourgeois self-government have gradually lost their independence in local affairs and are becoming agencies of the central state administration. Their activity is regulated and controlled by the machinery of state. Financially, the municipalities find themselves extremely dependent on subsidies from the central authorities. A deep crisis characterizes municipal administration in the developed capitalist countries. At the same time, the municipality, as an elected body, is an important institution of bourgeois democracy. The working class and the Communist parties in the bourgeois countries wage a continuous struggle to win a majority in the municipalities, to expand their socially useful services, and to make them more attentive to the interests of the working people. In France, Italy, and a number of other countries, the progressive forces have made significant gains in municipal elections and occupy strong positions in many municipalities, holding either the mayoralty or a majority of seats in the council.


A town, city, or district possessing corporate jurisdiction.
References in periodicals archive ?
The municipality said that until last June, the central maintenance unit also offered help in other districts when they did not have the capability on their own.
There was unnecessary shuffle in the employees of the provincial municipality, leaving every official in a sense that his/her job was a matter of days, he added.
He added that the municipality had prepared a list of the landlords who refused to abide by the municipality instructions to penalise them.
Bin Aylan also said that the municipality currently has five centres across the city, in addition to the main building.
The Director of Manama Municipality also added that the municipality received (32) verdicts of partial and total demolition from the court, where these provisions will be implemented during the next months according to the working plan established by the committee.
Municipality director-general Dr Mohammed Hassan said staff in the Sitra branch would soon be moved to a temporary location to pave way for work to go ahead.
The Municipality of La Palma won first place, and was given a high-relief bronze plaque, recognizing it as Tourist Municipality 2007.
The issuing municipality has a department or bureau that accounts for issued checks.
In Alberta, amalgamation can occur upon either the initiation of a municipality or the Minister.
Developing Municipality Near Stockholm Gets Unlimited Access to Comprehensive GIS and Engineering Software Portfolio for Fixed Annual Fee Based on Population
Galanos said the municipality is a reliable but also a touristic municipality that offers a range of services.
The Municipality of Tetovo is among these municipalities and said that these delays come as a consequence of a decision that the Municipal Council should adopt.