murine typhus


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Related to murine typhus: scrub typhus, bubonic plague

murine typhus

[′myu̇‚rīn ′tī·fəs]
(medicine)
A relatively mild, acute, febrile illness of worldwide distribution caused by Rickettsia mooseri, transmitted from rats to humans by the flea and characterized by headache, macular rash, and myalgia. Also known as endemic typhus; flea-borne typhus; rat typhus; shop typhus; urban typhus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical, laboratory, and epidemiologic features of murine typhus in 97 Texas children.
In America, there are records of this disease caused by Rickettsia typhi in Mexico since 1928, which, as already mentioned in the introduction, in collaboration with Hermann Mooser, Maximiliano Ruiz Castaneda and Hans Zinsser identify the causative agent of murine typhus or endemic in Mexico (3).
Murine typhus in Greece: epidemiological, clinical, and therapeutic data from 83 cases.
Aseptic meningitis as a delayed neurologic complication of murine typhus.
felis rickettsiosis are often underreported or misdiagnosed as murine typhus due to serological cross-reactions, especially in regions with limited molecular diagnostic capabilities.
Among the 57 animals assessed, only 33% (n = 19) had evidence of active murine typhus infection by serology, as determined using a 1:32 titer threshold.
During 1941/2 a total of 12 workers at the NIMR and the Royal Army Medical Corps laboratory became infected with murine typhus, including van den Ende, despite all of them having received varying numbers of doses of killed typhus vaccine.
Because of our immediate and effective flea eradication efforts and subsequent rodent abatement, an outbreak of murine typhus was averted.
Epidemic and murine typhus can occur in the same environmental conditions, which hampered Civil War medical professionals from distinguishing between the two diseases.
Not just a nuisance, these rodents spread Salmonella through their droppings and bring with them other diseases such as murine typhus, infectious jaundice, Weil's Disease and rat-bite fever, not to mention the risk of fires as they chew through wood, drywall and electrical wires.
Scrub and murine typhus in children with obscure fever in the tropics.
This report summarizes clinical data for three of these cases and describes murine typhus activity in Hawaii during 2002 and control efforts of the Hawaii Department of Health (HDH).