mutiny

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mutiny,

concerted disobedient or seditious action by persons in military or naval service, or by sailors on commercial vessels. Mutiny may range from a combined refusal to obey orders to active revolt or going over to the enemy on the part of two or more persons. In the armed forces it is considered one of the gravest crimes against military law. Mutiny may be committed on a private vessel whether it is at sea or in port. As a result of two major naval mutinies in Great Britain in 1797—one at Spithead and one at Nore and Sheerness—many of the abuses in the navy, such as bad food, brutal discipline, and withholding pay, were remedied. Mutinies tend to occur with some frequency in the armed forces of nations on the point of suffering defeat; thus, in 1918 the German navy mutinied at Kiel and the Austrian navy at Cattaro (now Kotor). A mutiny may be the signal for a revolution, as were the Russian mutinies in 1905 and 1917 at KronshtadtKronshtadt
or Cronstadt
, city, NW European Russia, on the small island of Kotlin in the Gulf of Finland, c.15 mi (20 km) from Saint Petersburg. It is one of the chief naval bases for the Russian Baltic fleet. The harbor is icebound for several months each year.
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Bibliography

See C. Gill, The Naval Mutinies of 1797 (1913); G. E. Manwaring and B. Dobrée, The Floating Republic (1938, repr. 1966); R. L. Hadfield, Mutiny at Sea (1938); E. Fuller, ed., Mutiny (1953); G. Dallas and D. Gill, The Unknown Army: Mutinies in the British Army in World War I (1985); G. E. Manwaring and B. Dobrée, Mutiny (1988).

mutiny

open rebellion against constituted authority, esp by seamen or soldiers against their officers
References in periodicals archive ?
In many cases, the researchers find that mutinies emerged because of unpaid and delinquent wages or excessive punishment.
Analysts said the mutinies also pose a major challenge for Hasina in keeping together the powerful defence forces -- which have often intervened in the country's politics -- and tackle their grievances without risking further discord.
Because he knew, from his study of Russian history, that naval mutinies had succeeded in bringing about political changes in the past.
In this latest number in the Brief History series Mr Woodman points out that 'no two mutinies were quite alike' and one needs to remember, when it comes to mutinies in the Royal Navy, that however brutal naval discipline could be, 'it was often more compassionate than that pertaining in contemporary society'.
Yet in spite of this, he was the victim of one of the most infamous mutinies in British naval history.
From February 1857 mutiny, or rather a series of mutinies, broke out within the British Indian army.