Myelitis


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Related to Myelitis: myositis, Transverse myelitis

myelitis

[‚mī·ə′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the spinal cord.
Inflammation of the bone marrow.

Myelitis

 

inflammation of the spinal cord.

Primary myelitides are caused by various neurotropic viruses; secondary myelitides are caused by infections, allergies, and injuries. The inflammation is rarely isolated to the spinal cord; the sheath of the spinal cord and the nerve roots are also often affected. Primary focal myelitis develops in acute form and is characterized by elevation in temperature, pain, and disturbances of nervous-system function. Death of nerve cells results in flaccid paralyses, segmental disturbance of sensitivity, and spastic pareses; pelvic disturbances (urinary or fecal incontinence or retention) are not uncommon. Bedsores, edema, and hyperhidrosis are often encountered.

Treatment includes vitamin therapy and administration of antibiotics and desensitizing agents; orthopedic packs are suggested to relieve paralysis. Treatment during the period of myelitis sequelae includes massage, exercise, balneotherapy, and administration of stimulants.

L. O. BADALIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
A novel outbreak enterovirus D68 strain associated with acute flaccid myelitis cases in the USA (2012-14): a retrospective cohort study.
3) Nonetheless, according to a recent publication, in multiple sclerosis patients, it is the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) at nadir in patients with LETM that was associated with the final outcome and extension of the myelitis with risk of recurrence, and that recurrence was not associated with worse outcome.
Of these, eight patients displayed one type of NP manifestation, such as seizures (n = 3), transverse myelitis (n = 2), delirium (n = 2), and cerebrovascular disease (n = 1), while the other four cases presented with at least two types of NPSLE manifestations.
A high index of suspicion is needed in patients who present with transverse myelitis and optic neuritis.
His spinal MRI showed non-enhancing, long TR hyperintensity at the level of T6 - T7 spine suggestive of myelitis (Fig.
Cervical-thoracic MRI, performed 22-day after the rash, showed contrast enhancing T2-hyperintense intramedullary lesions extending caudally from C2-C3 consistent with myelitis (Figure 1).
Diffusion tensor imaging in idiopathic acute transverse myelitis.
Myelitis and aseptic meningitis are thought to be caused by dissemination of the virus directly into the CNS from the related nerve.
These results may also have implications for other leukodystrophies, as well as more common myelin disorders including transverse myelitis, multiple sclerosis and periventricular white matter injury seen in Cerebral Palsy.
Diagnosed with transverse myelitis - an inflammation of the spine which can be a precursor to multiple sclerosis (MS) - she was treated and made a gradual recovery.
HIV-associated neuro-cognitive disorder EBV: primary CNS lym-phoma JC virus: PML [not equal to] Prions: spongiform ence- phalopathy Spinal Acute viral HIV-1 vacuolar cord myelitis myelopathy ADEM * HTLV-1 myelopathy * Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis [dagger] Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis [not equal to] Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy.