Cystobacteraceae

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Related to myxobacteria: streptomyces, mycobacteria, Sulfolobus

Cystobacteraceae

[¦sis·tə‚bak·tə′rās·ē‚ē]
(microbiology)
A family of bacteria in the order Myxobacterales; vegetative cells are tapered, and microcysts are rod-shaped and enclosed in sporangia.
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Not only has William Lanier at Oberlin (Ohio) College discovered the first myxobacteria remains, but these fossils are very old, having been preserved in 2-billion-year-old rocks.
The myxobacteria were in cavities that had formed between stromatolites -- layered columns built by communities of microbes.
Lanier says the fossil myxobacteria have the same shapes as the living organisms.
In modern myxobacteria, the rod-shaped vegetative cells, which are germinated within the sporangioles, play a much more central role: They are thought to do all the swarming and to form stalks and sporangioles.