Acute toxicant exposure and cardiac autonomic dysfunction from smoking a single narghile
waterpipe with tobacco and with a 'healthy' tobacco-free alternative.
Hookahs: An Emerging Public Health Issue Waterpipes, also known as hookah, shisha, narghile
, goza, or hubble bubble, have been used for centuries to smoke tobacco, particularly in North Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, and areas of southeast Asia.
Contrary to popular belief, shisha - also known as hookah, hubble bubble and narghile
- is not safer than smoking cigarettes.
The pipes, also known as hubble bubble and narghile
, are packed with fruity, sweetsmelling tobacco.
Charcoal emissions as a source of co and carcinogenic pah in mainstream narghile
Also known as a narghile
or a hookah, the water pipe is fast becoming fashionable in some circles, and most aficionados will insist that it is safer than cigarette smoking.
Carbon monoxide poisoning associated with narghile