narrow-spectrum antibiotic


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narrow-spectrum antibiotic

[′nar·ō ¦spek·trəm ‚ant·i‚bī′äd·ik]
(microbiology)
An antibiotic effective against a limited number of microorganisms.
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We used both descriptive and multivariate analyses to examine three mutually exclusive outcomes that capture children's antibiotic use during the year: no antibiotic use, any broad-spectrum antibiotic use, and use of narrow-spectrum antibiotics only.
In most cases, broad- and narrow-spectrum antibiotics both contributed to overall differences in antibiotic use across groups defined by individual- and family-level characteristics.
3 percentage points) were both substantially more likely than those ages 15-17 to use any antibiotics primarily due to greater use of narrow-spectrum antibiotics among the younger age groups.
About 4 percent of children used both broad- and narrow-spectrum antibiotics during the year.
The researchers recommend that when treating infants, physicians start by prescribing narrow-spectrum antibiotics, such as amoxicillin, and then if necessary, try a broad-spectrum medication.
The study found that in cases of both complicated and uncomplicated appendicitis, rates of hospital readmission were consistently lower for children prescribed narrow-spectrum antibiotics versus broad-spectrum ones.
Current guidelines recommend what we ended up defining as narrow-spectrum antibiotics, such as cefoxitin, for uncomplicated cases of appendicitis," said Dr.
But I think it's reasonable to conclude that those treated with narrow-spectrum antibiotics didn't do worse, and if they didn't do worse, there's no reason that every kid with appendicitis shouldn't be treated with narrow-spectrum antibiotics because we know that those treated with broader-spectrum antibiotics are more likely to develop colonization with resistant organisms and can have other complications due to the spectrum of activity brought on by the antibiotics they were given," Dr.
While the most common pathogens are usually sensitive to narrow-spectrum antibiotics like amoxicillin and folate inhibitors (the most widely used is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxizole [TMP-SMX]), the use of more broad-spectrum antimicrobials has been advocated.
SAN FRANCISCO -- Internists prescribed the most broad-spectrum antibiotics and pediatricians the most narrow-spectrum antibiotics for respiratory tract infections in a national managed care population, Katie J.
We did find, however, that patients seen in the HMO setting were more likely to receive less expensive, narrow-spectrum antibiotics compared with FFS patients.
com/reports/c46935) has announced the addition of Stakeholder Insight: Respiratory Tract Infections in the USA - The Demise of Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics to their offering.

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