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a shade of the voice and a distorted pronunciation of the sounds of speech caused by the peculiarities of the sound-forming stream of air as it passes through the nasal and oral cavities. There are open and closed forms of nasality.

Open nasality is observed in cases of defects of the hard palate and defects and paralysis of the soft palate when a significant part of the air passes into the nose during the pronunciation of the sounds of speech—the voice acquires a severe nasal shade, and speech becomes inarticulate. Closed nasality arises as a consequence of the difficult passage of air through the nose as a result of chronic cold, adenoids, or polypi in the nose; this especially disrupts the pronunciation of the nasal sounds [m] and [n]—they sound like [b] and [d], and the voice becomes muted. Sometimes nasality is caused not by an anatomical problem but by a habit of incorrectly pronouncing words, in particular as a result of deafness and consequent inability to aurally check the speech. Nasality can be eliminated by special logopedic exercises. If anatomical problems are present, preparatory treatment, sometimes surgery, is conducted.


References in periodicals archive ?
Nasalization has been found to be distinctive in some other dialects of Igbo.
There is an interesting relation here: like glides and liquids, voiced obstruents may undergo or block nasalization, but are hardly ever transparent.
For example, hearing and transcribing vowel length or nasalization can be the key to determining whether patterns of final consonant deletion or final consonant devoicing are typical of AAVE.
According to the Danasagara, the scribe was supposed to compare his finished version with the original, particularly for conjunct consonants, vowel length, nasalizations shown as dots (bindu), and voiceless spirant called visarga.
12) Krakow observed that the F1 variation inherent in nasalization is similar to acoustic changes associated with tongue height and jaw position.
Errors due to sonority traits, difficulties in the markers of nasalization and others also occurred in the written narratives of G2 children, but in a small proportion.
However, a derivation < OIA anudesin- 'residing at the same place'--but here with a suggested meaning *'belonging to an adjoining area'--is more convincing also with regard to the initial nasalization of the Shina word (in the north-west des frequently means 'village (and adjoining area)').
the delay [in the onset of nasalization of the consonant] is obviously motivated by the fact that the preceding vowel is distinctively oral: had nasalization started on 'time,' at the beginning of the stop closure, the possibility of anticipatory nasalization affecting the preceding vowel would have muddled the contrast between oral and nasal vowels.
Even within the above categories, we must confirm that different phonological features define the same PW (VH, tone, nasalization, etc.
It is said that after the vowel [a] it is lost with residual vowel nasalization.
1971a), "The attribution of vocalic nasalization in paraguayan spanish to guarani influence", en Romance Notes, vol.
In these evolved dialects, there is a reduction in the occurrence of nasalization when compared with the Surinam languages (Alleyne 1980:38).