anthem

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anthem

[ultimately from antiphonantiphon
, in Roman Catholic liturgical music, generally a short text sung before and after a psalm or canticle. The main use is in group singing of the Divine Office in a monastery.
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], short nonliturgical choral composition used in Protestant services, usually accompanied and having an English text. The term is used in a broader sense for "national anthems" and for the Latin motets still used occasionally in Anglican services. A full anthem is entirely choral, while a verse anthem includes parts for solo singers. The anthem arose in the Anglican Church, as the English counterpart of the Latin motet, through the work of Christopher Tye (c.1500–1573), Thomas TallisTallis or Tallys, Thomas,
c.1510–1585, English composer, who served the royal household, from c.1537 to his death, as organist.
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, and William ByrdByrd, William,
1543–1623, English composer, organist at Lincoln Cathedral and, jointly with Tallis, at the Chapel Royal. Although Roman Catholic, he composed anthems and services for the English Church in addition to his great Roman masses and Latin motets.
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 (1543–1623). Early anthems were often in the style of Latin motets, sometimes being merely an English text set to well-known motets. In the late 17th cent. composers such as Henry Purcell and John Blow, under Italian influences, wrote verse anthems with several movements, as in cantatas. George F. Handel's anthems, in the tradition of the full anthem, are, like those of Purcell and Blow, too elaborate for ordinary church use. Since the 19th cent. extracts from oratorios, masses, passions, etc., are commonly used as anthems, but these pieces are not anthems in the original sense of the term.

Bibliography

See M. B. Foster, Anthems and Anthem Composers (1901, repr. 1970); W. L. Reed and M. J. Bristow, ed., National Anthems of the World (1988).

Anthem

 

a nonliturgical religious choral composition, English in origin, that is set to a biblical text. The anthem, which is similar to the motet or cantata, has been sung in England since the mid-16th century, when prominent composers in the genre were T. Tallis, W. Byrd, and O. Gibbons. Famous examples of the anthem may be found in the works of H. Purcell and G. F. Handel. There are two types of anthem: the full anthem, written primarily for chorus, and the verse anthem, in which the chorus is supplemented by additional voices, usually a solo voice or duet. Anthems are sometimes accompanied by an orchestra or an organ.

anthem

1. a song of loyalty or devotion, as to a nation or college
2. a musical composition for a choir, usually set to words from the Bible, sung as part of a church service
3. a religious chant sung antiphonally
References in periodicals archive ?
John Mahlmann, MENC's executive director, blames a combination of school music program budget cuts and a difficulty in learning the words of the song, as a reason Americans are silenced when it comes to the national anthem.
Last year in October, Pence staged a 'planned' walk out of a National Football League (NFL) after a dozen San Francisco players knelt down during the playing of the national anthem, owing to the disrespect of the national anthem.
com/music/fergie-apologizes-nba-all-star-national-anthem/) issued an apology and said that she would be open to singing the National Anthem again if she will be given the chance to do so.
restoration of the position as it stood before the order passed by this Hon'ble Court on November 30, 2016 with regard to direction 'd' in the said order to the extent that it mandates the playing of the national anthem in all cinemas before the feature film starts,' it said.
And the law until now specifically says that it has been left "to the good sense of the people" not to indulge in indiscriminate singing or playing of the national anthem.
The bench, while disposing of the petitions pending before it, made it clear that the exemption granted earlier to disabled persons from standing in the cinema halls when the national anthem is being played, shall will remain in force till the committee takes a decision.
I like traditions, and the national anthem is important.
Amhran na bhFiann has been our national anthem since before the foundation of my party.
Gurgaon is famous as a cyberhub, but voting was scant despite it being a Sunday; the middle-class who demanded the national anthem in multiplexes were sprawled on their couches, watching another time-pass - one-day cricket match.
The 1971 Act provides for prevention of disrespect and insult to national flag and Constitution of India and its punishment but makes no similar provision with respect to national anthem," argued Dwivedi.
It is one thing to say that one should show respect to the nation, the Tricolour and the National Anthem but it is dangerous to narrowly define what actually constitutes such respect and patriotism, especially in a country reeling under the 'patriotic deeds' of the executive and with the 'nationalist brigade' handing out certificates of patriotism based on their biases and agenda.
Since San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick first took a knee during the national anthem two weeks ago, several Texas officials have objected to his form of silent protest as the controversy has made ripples around Texas.

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