national assembly


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national assembly,

name of a number of past and present constituent or legislative bodies. In France, under the constitutions of the Fourth and Fifth republics, the lower house of parliament has been called the national assembly. Usually, however, the name national assembly has been applied to provisional bodies. Often in times of crisis, when the old order dissolves through decay, war, or revolution, representatives of the people meet to work out a new order. Such was the case in the French Revolution, when members of the States-GeneralStates-General
or Estates-General,
diet or national assembly in which the chief estates (see estate) of a nation—usually clergy, nobles, and towns (or commons)—were represented as separate bodies.
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 proclaimed themselves (1789) a national assembly. The Federal Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention,
in U.S. history, the 1787 meeting in which the Constitution of the United States was drawn up. The Road to the Convention

The government adopted by the Thirteen Colonies in America (see Confederation, Articles of, and Continental
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 of 1787 and the Frankfurt ParliamentFrankfurt Parliament,
1848–49, national assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in Mar.
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 of 1848–49 were national assemblies. At the end of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, after the downfall of Napoleon III, France again elected a national assembly, which drew up the basic constitutional laws for the Third Republic. Under the Third Republic the name national assembly applied to joint sessions of the senate and the chamber of deputies. National assemblies framed the republican Weimar constitution of Germany in 1919 and the Bonn constitution for West Germany in 1948–49. For a list of some of the chief legislative bodies of the world, see legislaturelegislature,
representative assembly empowered to enact statute law. Generally the representatives who compose a legislature are constitutionally elected by a broad spectrum of the population.
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.

National Assembly

 

(1) The constituent assembly in France in 1789, 1848, and 1871 and in Germany in 1848 and 1919. The term also occurs in the history of other countries.

(2) In France under the Third Republic (1870–1940), a joint assembly of the members of both houses of parliament, convened to elect the president of the republic.

(3) In a number of countries such as France, Jordan, Libya, Laos, and Tunisia, the name for the parliament or one of its houses. In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, it is the name of the supreme representative organ of power.

References in periodicals archive ?
Members of the National Assembly including Zahid Hamid, Tallal Chaudhary, Ms.
Bank performance guarantee issued in favor of the National Assembly and is irrevocable, unconditional and payable on first demand, in which the contracting authorities said that the contractor has not fulfilled its obligations and / or fulfill them wide.
The Committee appreciated the prudent leadership of the Speaker for initiating austerity measures and maintaining financial discipline in the expenditures of the National Assembly Secretariat during current financial year.
The National Assembly presented 22 recommendations aimed to counter terrorism, including decrees-by-law toughening penalties in the Law on Terror in order to safeguard our national security and stability and also withdrawing of Bahraini nationality status from terrorists who commit acts of terror and also inciters of violence and terrorism.
According to the record, after signing the document, members of the National Assembly went to the President House in Rawalpindi, where the then President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto put his signature on the new Constitution.
The Grand National Assembly is an equivalent of the Bulgarian National Assembly, or Parliament, which is elected when the nation has to deal with issues of paramount importance such as adopting a new constitution, approving territorial changes, choosing a new head of state (a monarch in the past), changing the form of government, rescinding constitutional provisions or international agreements, or acquiring emergency powers.
Then last October two Welsh Assembly members and an official visited Lesotho and returned eager for the National Assembly to become more involved in the link and to do more for Lesotho.
3 (1) commands that Iraq be governed by a legislature elected according to western liberal democratic principles: "The election for the National assembly shall be by direct, universal and secret ballot.
Overseas dignitaries from as far afield as Singapore, Australia, Macedonia, Croatia and Norway were among those entertained during visits to the National Assembly.
Clearly, there will be controversy and conflict as the delegates gather for the 2005 National Assembly under the theme "In Mission for Others," in order to consider this historic recommendation.
Nationwide, Iraqis elected members of a 275-seat Transitional National Assembly (lawmaking body).
The generosity of the upper ranks so impressed the remainder of the National Assembly that the body then coalesced around a mutual respect.

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