t]) is defined as the

natural logarithm of the ratio of one plus the total number of patents filed in application year i+1 to one plus R&D expenses (in $000's) in the previous year t.

This prediction gives one data point in the simulated distribution of (the

natural logarithm of) wages that would have been earned by the ith European hockey player ([X.

The coefficient on

natural logarithm of loans is below 1 for the year 2007 to 2010, which means that for every rupee increase in loans, total expenses increase by less than one, but in 2011, 2012, and 2013 the coefficient on

natural logarithm of loans is more than one, which implies that for every one rupee increase in loans, total expenses increase by more than a rupee.

Five control variables are included in Equation (2), which includes the variables used to measure financial distress in Equation (1): the

natural logarithm of the capital-to-assets ratio, the ratio of net income to lagged assets, and an indicator for negative net income.

We define the rate of return now to be the change in the

natural logarithm of the stock price in period t.

In addition, the

natural logarithm of the Medicaid price per day, which was suggested by Nyman (1994) and Gulley and Santere (2007) as a proxy for marginal cost, is included in the model.

i], is the

natural logarithm of the total dollar amount resulting from the proceeds of the equity offering measured as the total shares offered times the offer price.

Linear regression equations between shell length and

natural logarithm of age at 3 stocking densities over 8 mo of grow-out are shown in Table 2.

j] is the

natural logarithm of the fund's age since inception until December 2004; [INITIAL SERVICE CHARGE.

t] is the post-futures period daily volatility estimate; LN(Firm) is the

natural logarithm of equity value of the firm; LNVOL is the

natural logarithm of spot trading volume, coefficients for days of the week, lagged volatility estimates and a binary variable (FUTDUMY) that is equal to one for the SSFs-listed stocks and 0 for the non-SSFs stocks.

0] is the left ventricular pressure at any time before the time of left ventricular pressure of P, e is the base of

natural logarithm, t is the time interval between the pressure of [P.

APPENDIX TABLE A1 Determinants of Net Interest Margins: Cross-Country Regressions, 2002 (Excluding Brazil, Malawi, and Venezuela) (1) (2)

Natural logarithm -0.