naval architecture

(redirected from naval architects)
Also found in: Dictionary.

naval architecture,

science of designing ships. A naval architect must consider especially the following factors: floatability, i.e., the ability of the ship to remain afloat while meeting the requirements of the vessel's service under normal and abnormal weather and water conditions or after being damaged by collision or grounding; strength sufficient to withstand loads for which the vessel is intended; stability, i.e., the capability of the vessel to return to an upright position after being inclined by wind, sea, or conditions of loading; speed, which is affected by the outline of the hull and the type of engines, boilers, and propellers; steering, i.e., the design of the rudder and the hull structure to effect efficient turning; living conditions, including adequate ventilation and other health and safety considerations; and the arrangement of the structure and equipment to facilitate handling of cargoes. Additional problems are faced in the design of warships. Heavy, concentrated loads in the form of gun turrets, the protective armor, and other factors make warship design a field in itself. The three principal plans made for the construction of a ship are the sheer plan, a profile of the ship, showing the outline of the intersection of a series of vertical longitudinal planes with the shell of the ship and including the location of the transverse bulkheads, decks, and main structures; the body plan, a view showing sections made by vertical transverse planes; and the half-breadth plan, indicating the outline of a series of horizontal longitudinal planes. In addition, innumerable general and detail drawings are made, which include all the internal and external equipment.

Bibliography

See J. P. Comstock, ed., Principles of Naval Architecture (1967); R. Munro-Smith, Applied Naval Architecture (1967); T. C. Gillmer, Modern Ship Design (1970); B. Baxter, Naval Architecture: Examples and Theory (1977).

Naval Architecture

 

a name once used to embrace all the scientific shipbuilding disciplines. Naval architecture included such independent divisions of the science of ships and shipbuilding as the theory of naval architecture, the structural mechanics of ships, ship vibration theory, ship designing theory, shipbuilding technology, hull construction, and ship propulsion plants. In a narrower sense naval architecture refers to the group of scientific disciplines that treat the structure of a ship as a whole as well as the structure of its various elements. In the USA and Great Britain the term “naval architecture” is often used in the earlier meaning, although some disciplines are grouped separately under the name “theoretical naval architecture.”

naval architecture

[′nā·vəl ′är·kə‚tek·chər]
(engineering)
The study of the physical characteristics and the design and construction of buoyant structures, such as ships, boats, barges, submarines, and floats, which operate in water; includes the construction and operation of the power plant and other mechanical equipment of these structures.
References in periodicals archive ?
For naval architects the new six-cylinder inline engines come in MAN s typically compact 1,800 x 922 x 1,103 mm (L x B x H) design and have an even more streamlined oil pan design.
Shanghai Society of Naval Architects & Ocean Engineers (SSNAOE) originally was Shanghai Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SSNAME) founded on 25 February 1951, which had its name changed to SSNAOE in March 2011.
During the Design Engineering Study, the Specification was defined by the yards' teams, in close cooperation with the Naval Architect, the Owners and their representatives, Master Yachts.
The maritime industry is currently enjoying a prosperity which it has not known for some time," said Trevor Blakely, chief executive, The Royal Institution of Naval Architects.
Changing regulatory guidelines, safety norms and security concerns imply that naval architects need to keep pace with latest advancements and Mastech 2013, together with Gulf Maritime, will be an event that the regional maritime industry can hardly afford to give a miss," said PJ Shaji, president, Mast.
The aluminium vessel, also designed by naval architects De Voogt, launched in October, nine months after Apple co-founder Jobs, inset right, died of cancer last year.
BAE Systems has announced plans to recruit another 280 employees on to the programme, saying it needs mechanical, electrical power, propulsion, quality and safety engineers, as well as naval architects.
Owners and operators of commercial vessels, shipyards, port engineers and naval architects will see AXI's new STS 7004 Automated Fuel Filtration System with Touch-Screen Controller, Modbus, TCP/IP LAN connectivity and E-mail and SMS alerts.
The Shannon has been designed in-house by RNLI naval architects to ensure the new lifeboat meets the needs of a 21st-century rescue service.
The memorandum of understanding between Expo Centre Sharjah and MAST, an association of naval architects, was signed on the sidelines of the ongoing OIC Expo at Expo Centre Sharjah.
From conception to launch the Sydney design house of Burley Katon Halliday have guided the aesthetics while naval architects Murray, Burns & Dovell have ensured the final specification and build deliver the highest levels of comfort, safety and performance.

Full browser ?