negation


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

negation

Logic
a. the operator that forms one sentence from another and corresponds to the English not
b. a sentence so formed. It is usually written --p, ~p, p or ¬p, where p is the given sentence, and is false when the given sentence is true, and true when it is false

negation

  1. (LOGIC) a proposition that is the denial of another and is true only if the other is false.
  2. (MARXISM) a phase or ‘moment’ in a dialectical process (see DIALECTIC) which negates a previous one, leading ultimately to a resolution (‘negation of the negation’). In the work of members of the FRANKFURT SCHOOL OF CRITICAL THEORY (especially ADORNO's Negative Dialectics, 1973) negativity was expressed as an opposition to all fixed categories and to the ‘administered world’ to which both orthodox Marxism and POSITIVISM were seen to lead.

Negation

 

a philosophical category expressing a certain type of relationship between two consecutive stages or states of a developing object or process. Negation is a necessary part of development and of the struggle between opposites. In “its comprehension and affirmative recognition of the existing state of things,” the dialectic “includes, at the same time also, the recognition of the negation of that state, of its inevitable breaking up” (K. Marx, in K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 23, p. 22).

As it develops, an object inevitably reaches the stage of its own negation: that is, it becomes qualitatively something other than itself. The negation of the old and the rise of the new constitute a chain without beginning or end. In this process, the developing object simultaneously becomes something other than itself and, in a certain sense, remains what it was. For example, youth negates childhood and is itself negated by maturity, which is negated by old age. At the same time, these are merely different stages in the development of the same person. This continual self-negation characterizes ongoing self-development in nature, society, and cognition. “True, natural, historical, and dialectical negation (taken formally) is precisely what constitutes the driving principle of all development—the splitting into antitheses, their struggle and resolution” (F. Engels, ibid., vol. 20, p. 640).

Dialectical negation is, above all, creative negation, in which the old is not simply discarded and destroyed but “removed” (aufgehoben) and preserved in a new capacity. V. I. Lenin emphasized that an essential part of the dialectic is “negation as a moment of connection, as a moment of development, retaining the positive” (Poln. sobr. soch, 5th ed., vol. 29, p. 207). This “retention” of the positive, the unity of negation and continuity in development, is an important feature of dialectical negation as a universal principle of being, which manifests itself in different ways at different levels of the organization of matter.

A. G. SPIRKIN

negation

[nə′gā·shən]
(mathematics)
The negation of a proposition P is a proposition which is true if and only if P is false; this is often written ∼ P. Also known as denial.
References in periodicals archive ?
But if some presence is designated only by negation (for instance, Aquinas's God), it can have nothing in common with things designated by their features--precisely because a completely negative presence cannot be distinguished from its absence and, indeed, the absence of all things.
3] will be accepted as a valid input by an answer set solver, except that the symbol \+ for negation as failure should be written as not.
Under Sinclair's analysis, the verb budge does not exist in a basic positive form; instead, it comes pre-equipped with an underlying negation marker.
In this sense, it may be the case that negation of exile had not been imposed to the same practical degree in the Eastern European context.
Excursus: negation and the (non-testimonial) "narrative past"
A sentence such as (19), by contrast, can only be grammatical if either is bound by clause-mate negation, as required by npis.
Sibley's (2010) Dark Duo model of Post-colonial ideology argues that ideologies in post-colonial societies consist of two interrelated beliefs--Historical Negation and Symbolic Exclusion-that have different roots and distinct effects.
And this, says Hall finally, is the clearing in the centre for which the negations made way.
Although syntactic and morphological studies of negation abound such is not the case as far as studies on the pragmatic force of negation is concerned.
According to Klima and Bellugi (1966), children acquire negation in English in three stages.
Islamabad, July 5(ANI): The Pakistani establishment and its political leaders must completely abandon the policy of patronising and strengthening the Taliban and other militant groups because allowing them to increase their hold in the country would amount to the negation of Pakistan, former Attorney General Iqbal Haider has said.
QUETTA, March 16, 2011 (Balochistan Times): Central Senior Vice President of Jamhoori Watan Party, Haji Ashraf Kakar has said that kidnapping of former provincial minister Fareedoons wife is negation of Baloch tradition while demanded of high authorities to take steps for her immediate release.