Neobehaviorism


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Neobehaviorism

 

the collective term for a number of trends in American psychology.

Neobehaviorism originated in the 1930’s in the works of C. Hull and E. Tolman. At that time it became apparent that the traditional behaviorism was untenable. According to the neobehaviorists, behavior cannot be fully understood simply in terms of observable stimuli and reactions: the analysis of some central regulatory mechanisms is also necessary. Neobehaviorism introduced mediating variables into the behaviorist stimulus-response scheme. These variables are understood to be aggregates of cognitive and stimulative factors. Apart from invoking the concept of mediating variables, neobehaviorism accepts the general principles of classical behaviorism, including a positivist orientation and the behaviorist tendency to overemphasize the biological view of the human psyche.

REFERENCES

Osnovnye napravleniia issledovanii psikhologii myshleniia v kapitalisti cheskikh stranakh. Moscow, 1966.
Iaroshevskii, M. G. Psikhologiia v XX stoletii. Moscow, 1974.
Hull, C. L. Principles of Behavior: An Introduction to Behavior Theory. New York-London, 1943.

N. G. ALEKSEEV

References in periodicals archive ?
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neobehaviorism and cognitivism in learning theory: historical and contemporary perspectives.
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Briefly summarize what radical behaviorists mean by "mediational S-O-R neobehaviorism," for example, as represented in View 2.
Mediational S-O-R neobehaviorism may be said to represent the second phase of the behavioral revolution.
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In the current sketch I first review how mediational neobehaviorism addresses these questions and then how cognitive psychology addresses questions related to mental terms, including how cognitive psychology conceives of the way behaviorism addresses the questions.
As a prelude to reviewing how neobehaviorism addresses questions about mental terms, the following is a summary of the background and features of this form, taken from Moore (in press-a).
This newer form of behaviorism may be called mediational S-O-R neobehaviorism, to distinguish it from its behavioristic predecessors.
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