neocortex

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Related to neocortical: neocortical death, Neocortical column

neocortex

[¦nē·ō′kȯr‚teks]
(anatomy)
Phylogenetically the most recent part of the cerebral cortex; includes all but the olfactory, hippocampal, and piriform regions of the cortex.
References in periodicals archive ?
PET scanning is useful in cases of neocortical epilepsy, where interictal hypometabolism corresponds to areas of concern.
18]F]T807 binding in the entorhinal cortex in cognitively typical older adults, and MCI and Alzheimer's patients showed significantly greater binding in the neocortical regions, particularly in the temporal and occipital lobes.
2009) Stage Brain region affected Stage Brain region affected 1 Medulla oblongata, IIa Brainstem III pontine tegmentum, predominant Brainstem and limbic 2 olfactory bulb, anterior I Olfactory olfactory nucleus bulb only 3 Substantia nigra, IIb Limbic 4 nuclear gray areas in predominant midbrain and forebrain 5 Mature neocortex IV Neocortical 6 Note.
The extent of the neocortical (lateral) resection in patients undergoing dominant temporal lobe surgery determines the probability of new (in those without pre-existing dysnomia) or additional word-finding difficulties after surgery.
Vitamin D and bile acid deficiency can modulate neocortical development and contribute to autism and schizophrenia.
The argument is that the neonate is endowed with this phylogenetically old subcortical fully crossed system, but it is superseded during postnatal development by the uncrossed neocortical system (Figure 2b).
Neocortical neuronal loss and gliosis is usually most prominent in frontal and temporal regions, but in corticobasal degeneration (FTLD-tau [CBD]), for example, there is often prominent, and sometimes asymmetric, parietal and motor cortex neuronal loss and gliosis as well.
Neural substrates of fluid reasoning: An fMRI study of neocortical activation during performance of the Raven's Progressive Matrices Test.
Forced swimming evokes a biphasic response in CREB phosphorylation in extrahypothalamic limbic and neocortical brain structures in the rat.
During the first step, the encoding phase, hippocampus rapidly binds neocortical representations to local memory traces, while during subsequent "off-line" periods of calmness or sleep the new traces are concurrently reactivated in both hippocampus and cortex to strengthen the cortico-cortical connections underlying learned representations.
The outer part of the entorhinal cortex mirrored the neocortical activity.
The book overviews vertebrate evolution from the cell membrane to barrier functions and neocortical evolution, and raises the prospect of a periodic table of biology.