Neurobiology

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Neurobiology

Study of the development and function of the nervous system, with emphasis on how nerve cells generate and control behavior. The major goal of neurobiology is to explain at the molecular level how nerve cells differentiate and develop their specific connections and how nerve networks store and recall information. Ancillary studies on disease processes and drug effects in the nervous system also provide useful approaches for understanding the normal state by comparison with perturbed or abnormal systems. The functions of the nervous system may be studied at several levels: molecular, subcellular (organelle), cellular, simple multicellular interacting systems, complex systems, and higher functions (whole animal behavior). See Biopotentials and ionic currents, Memory, Motor systems, Nervous system (invertebrate), Nervous system (vertebrate), Nervous system disorders, Neuron, Sense organ, Synaptic transmission

References in periodicals archive ?
The brain is the most complicated known system in the universe," says James McGaugh, a neurobiologist at the University of California in Irvine.
LEARNING TO SMELL: OLFACTORY PERCEPTION FROM NEUROBIOLOGY TO BEHAVIOR is written by a neurobiologist and psychologist and provides a new theory of olfactory perception, making it a recommended pick for any college-level health library holding.
Neurobiologist Frank Grasso, an associate professor of psychology at Brooklyn College, is one of a growing number of biomimetics researchers.
Neurobiologist Sarah Leibowitz, of New York's Rockefeller University, said: "The consumption of fat creates the basis for a vicious cycle.
Cheryl Craft, a neurobiologist at USC's Keck School of Medicine, who adds, ``We don't understand exactly what happens, and I'd be lying if I said we did.
Together with neurobiologist Jean-Pierre Changeux, he deployed representations of the body from the Enlightenment through the 19th century in intersection with the evolving sciences of the brain: neurology and psychiatry.
I argue it's what makes spoken language unique," says Jarvis, a neurobiologist at Duke University Medical Center.
Developmental neurobiologist Charles Ide, director of the Environmental Institute at Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, and neuroscientist Anna Jelaso, an assistant professor also at that institute, have used such signatures to show that tadpoles exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) undergo changes in gene expression that predict impending health problems.
Neurobiologist Nancy Hayes said: "Astronauts have reported that while in orbit they just feel stupid.
In what sounds like something out of a B horror movie, Evan Balaban, an experimental neurobiologist at the Neurosciences Institute in San Diego, carried out the switch.
Anderson, a developmental neurobiologist at the California Institute of Technology, Dr.
Andreas Nieder, a neurobiologist at the University of Tubingen in Germany, said that while many laboratories have been investigating this idea intensively, Ben Harvey, a neuroscientist at Utrecht University in the Netherlands, succeeded in convincingly demonstrating a map of numerical quantity in the human brain.

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