neurohypophysis


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neurohypophysis

[¦nu̇r·ō·hī′päf·ə·səs]
(neuroscience)
The neural portion or posterior lobe of the hypophysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
The diagnosis of GCT of the neurohypophysis was made.
During the exercise, it is provided to minimize the dehydration (fluid loss) by releasing (Vasopressin) ADH from neurohypophysis and renin from kidneys (Akgun, 1994).
16,17) This process is usually completed at the level of the neurohypophysis, and it occurs in two steps: a first cleavage splits off AVP, and a second cleavage separates neurophysin II from copeptin.
Sellar region masses that can mimic nonhypersecretory pituitary adenomas on neuroimaging studies (Figure 7, c)--and somewhat mimic meningioma on TP (Figure 7, d) and permanent section (Figure 7, e) because of their spindled cell population--are pituicytoma, spindle cell oncocytoma, and granular cell tumor of neurohypophysis.
In our case, the aforementioned findings seen with posterior PFVS were present, as well as ipsilateral optic nerve and optic chiasm hypoplasia and an absent neurohypophysis.
Copeptin, a glycoprotein from the C-terminal fragment of the arginine vasopressin prohormone, is cosecreted with arginine vasopressin from the neurohypophysis.
They presented late diagnosed anterior pituitary function failure with ectopic neurohypophysis.
In the neurohypophysis this protein is concentrated outside the vascular system seemingly dilated and enclosing several vessels.
The diencephalon develops into the epithalamus, thalamus, hypothalamus, globi pallidi, the pineal gland and the neurohypophysis of the pituitary gland.
An equivalent concentration of oxytocin is found in the neurohypophysis and plasma of both sexes [26] suggests that oxytocin has further physiological functions.