blockade

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blockade,

use of naval forces to cut off maritime communication and supply. Blockades may be used to prevent shipping from reaching enemy ports, or they may serve purposes of coercion. The term is rarely applied to land sieges. During the Napoleonic wars, both France and Great Britain attempted to control neutral commerce through blockades and embargoes which neither could enforce with sufficient rigor. The Declaration of Paris (see Paris, Declaration ofParis, Declaration of,
1856, agreement concerning the rules of maritime warfare, issued at the Congress of Paris. It was the first major attempt to codify the international law of the sea.
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) proclaimed (1856) that blockades were henceforth to be announced to all affected parties and would be legal only if effectively enforced against all neutrals. In both World Wars blockades were made more effective by the employment, in addition to naval vessels, of mines and aircraft. North Vietnamese ports were mined and blockaded by the United States during later stages of the Vietnam War. Blockades have also occasionally been employed in times of peace as threats to implement diplomacy, as in the blockade of Cuba by the United States in 1962.

blockade

Med the inhibition of the effect of a hormone or a drug, a transport system, or the action of a nerve by a drug
References in periodicals archive ?
Knowledge of current standards for safe neuromuscular blockade antagonism
In the patient receiving a neuromuscular blockade and sedation, the optimal BIS level for sedation appears to be between 40 and 60.
Corneal protection and thromboembolism prophylaxis should be implemented in most patients on prolonged neuromuscular blockade.
After completion of surgery and adequate oropharyngeal suction, neuromuscular blockade was reversed with Injection neostigmine 1mg IV and Injection atropine 0.
Patients should be closely monitored for hemodynamic changes during and after reversal of neuromuscular blockade, and treatment with anticholinergic agents, such as atropine, should be administered if clinically significant bradycardia is observed.
At the end of the surgery (subtotal thyroidectomy), under standard, controlled endotracheal general anaesthesia, the neuromuscular blockade was reversed and anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane 1.
Retention of secretions is thought to increase the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in patients receiving neuromuscular blockade for a prolonged period.
INTRODUCTION: Occurrence of undetected residual neuromuscular blockade is common in the Post Anaesthesia Care Unit (PACU).
A new approach to anesthesia management in myasthenia gravis: reversal of neuromuscular blockade by sugammadex.
We recently anaesthetised a man with Brugada syndrome presenting for a panendoscopy as a day surgical patient using sugammadex reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade electively.
The effects of reversal of neuromuscular blockade on autonomic control in the perioperative period.
BIS monitoring may be especially useful during neuromuscular blockade, mechanical ventilation, barbiturate coma, and bedside procedures.