neurosyphilis


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neurosyphilis

[¦nu̇r·ō′sif·ə·ləs]
(medicine)
Syphilitic infection of the nervous system.
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Neurosyphilis may occur early, being either asymptomatic or in the form of syphilitic meningitis, or late as meningovascular syphilis, general paresis, or tabes dorsalis, a condition where the spinal column is affected.
The tertiary stage is subdivided into three general categories: gummatous syphilis, followed by cardiovascular syphilis and finally neurosyphilis.
9) reported that ceftriaxone is an alternative to penicillin for treatment of neurosyphilis or early syphilis among HIV-infected patients.
Gummas (benign granulomas on the skin and internal organs), cardiovascular syphilis, neurosyphilis and spinal disease can all develop because of immune responses to reservoirs of T.
Neurosyphilis has a wide array of clinical manifestations; the different pathological subtypes are shown in Table 1.
Regarding syphilis stage, the distribution in the HIV population was 26% primary syphilis, 33% secondary syphilis, 37% latent syphilis and 4% neurosyphilis.
Also called late phase and rarely observed today, the tertiary stage is characterized by gummata and/or neurosyphilis that emerge three years or later after exposure.
pallidum can infect the central nervous system at any stage of infection, resulting in neurosyphilis.
By careful history and through physical examination the grouping of the cases into primary, secondary, latent, late benign and neurosyphilis was done.
We report the case of a 46-year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus infection, hepatitis C infection, neurosyphilis, and recently diagnosed Burkitt lymphoma who presented with dysphonia and stridor after receiving one dose of intrathecal chemotherapy.
Stoltey continued, here's what physicians really need to know about ocular syphilis: Syphilis can affect virtually all parts of the eye, neurosyphilis can occur at any stage of the infection, and delayed identification of ocular syphilis has been associated with visual loss.