neutralize


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neutralize

[′nü·trə‚līz]
(chemistry)
To make a solution neutral (neither acidic nor basic, pH of 7) by adding a base to an acidic solution, or an acid to a basic solution.
(electronics)
To nullify oscillation-producing voltage feedback from the output to the input of an amplifier through tube interelectrode capacitances; an external feedback path is used to produce at the input a voltage that is equal in magnitude but opposite in phase to that fed back through the interelectrode capacitance.
(optics)
To place a lens in contact with other lenses of equal and opposite power so that the combination has zero power.
(ordnance)
To destroy or reduce the effectiveness of enemy personnel and materiel by gunfire, bombing, or any other means.
To make a toxic chemical agent harmless by chemical action.
To disarm or otherwise render safe a mine, bomb, missile, or booby trap.

neutralize

To render an enemy force, installation, action, operation, or the like ineffective by military action. It does not necessarily involve destruction, as an airfield may be neutralized for a short period of time by cratering the runways.
References in periodicals archive ?
They found that many of them produced antibodies that could neutralize HIV-1 after being injected with alum, a chemical that promotes antibody secretion and is often used in vaccinations.
The coagulants are used to neutralize excess negative charge by collapsing that charged material onto fiber and fines surfaces and then taking them out of the system with the paper.
Proteins that circulate in a resistant animal's blood neutralize venom's toxins.
No guarantee exists that traditional coagulants such as polyamines or poly-dadmac polymers alone will effectively neutralize contaminants in coated broke and wet end operations advised Steve Tremont, director of marketing, Ciba Specialty Chemicals, Suffolk, Virginia, USA.
And baking soda, they claim, neutralizes the acids that corrode your teeth.
As Rabinovitch's team showed here, if you can neutralize free radicals, you not only live longer but you might free yourself of age-related health problems.
As wet end systems have closed up and furnishes have become more contaminated with anionic charge, a need has developed to neutralize the negative charge while maintaining the effectiveness of a chemical being used.
For the past few years Waterhouse has been studying chemicals in red wine called phenols, which appear to be able to neutralize cholesterol.
ORACCoOxygen Radical Absorbance CapacityCois a measure of the ability of foods to neutralize harmful oxygen free radicals that can damage our bodies.
They isolated individual viruses over the first two years of HIV infection, and tested how well the patients' own antibodies could neutralize them.
6) demonstrated that the polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against S protein of the late SARS-CoV (Urbani strain) could neutralize infection by the relevant late SARS-CoV strains.
The ground squirrels have evolved blood proteins that partially neutralize rattlesnake venom, so an adult usually doesn't die from a bite.