normative theory

normative theory

any theory which seeks to establish the VALUES or norms which best fit the overall needs or requirements of society either societies in general or particular societies, and which would be morally justified. For those who see the aim of modern social science as descriptive and explanatory and not ‘prescriptive’, such a goal for social science or sociology is not acceptable. Hence in these circumstances, the term ‘normative theory’ can be a pejorative term. For others, however, the aim of appraising and establishing values is an important goal, perhaps the most important goal, of the social sciences. See also FACT-VALUE DISTINCTION, VALUE JUDGEMENT, VALUE RELEVANCE, VALUE FREEDOM AND VALUE NEUTRALITY, FRANKFURT SCHOOL OF CRITICAL THEORY, POLITICAL SCIENCE, BEHAVIOURALISM.
References in periodicals archive ?
If, as many theorists have supposed, a normative theory applicable to obligations of global justice must also respect the needs of justice internal to recipient nations, any such theory cannot take human rights as an important moral notion.
Because utilitarianism relies so heavily on the notion of interpersonal comparison of utilities, any socially acceptable, normative theory must depart from any narrow interpretation of utilitarianism.
Where these efforts have foundered, it has not been on the soundness of the underlying normative theory.
The distinction between metaethical theory and normative theory, popular a decade ago, has become unfashionable, possibly because its users began to recognize that commitments in metaethical theory had little or no effect on normative theory.
They consider the religious between self-referential religious communications, communication on religion, and sacralization; pluralism, liberalism, and constitutional patriotism: a normative theory from the Indian Constitution; the formation of the nation-state, religious pluralism, and the public sphere in Brazil; the midwife or the handmaid: religion in political advertising in Nigeria; sacrificial space: the Hebrew imagination "comes home;" religions under liberal-secular governance: dialoguing with Muslims in Germany; and concepts of religion and their political implications.
The answer requires the development of a normative theory of criminalization that addresses, among other things, the principles and goals that should guide the decision to criminalize, the classification and differentiation of criminal wrongs, and how officials should apply the law on the books.
Thomas Pogge's essay is the only chapter in the book in which a theorist straightforwardly endeavors to develop a normative theory meant to accommodate real-world complexities.
Approaching the topic from the perspective of a normative theory of regulation concerned with the most appropriate design of environmental tax legislation, Maatta (law and economics, U.
This collection of previously published essays erects a multi-tiered scaffold in preparation for constructing an ambitious normative theory of democracy.
Contemporary authors appear to use the concept of normative theory itself in quite different ways; some, such as Brandt, to refer to tightly unified deductive systems, others, such as Rawls, as general "guiding frameworks" within which one can identify and test particular moral judgments.
of Maryland) presented a normative theory of the limits of government that rested on the recognition of multiple sources of authority in social life, the value pluralism of Isaiah Berlin, and expressive liberty analogous to free exercise of religion but covering comprehensive non-religious and religious conceptions of human life.
This concise book is intended for a wide audience, including those interested in security studies, constructivism, and legal scholarship, as well as normative theory and ethics.