nursery

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nursery,

in horticulture, an establishment or area for the propagation, breeding, and early cultivation of plants. In North America the term nursery originally specified a place where hardy woody plants, especially fruit trees, were started; but as the market for and interest in new varieties of garden plants increased, nurseries broadened their province to include the cultivation and development of all types of plants, including tropical varieties and annuals, and their sale either as seedlings ready for planting or as seeds. Until the advent of artificial irrigation and the use of vast greenhouses to control temperature, nurseries depended on natural conditions for success—as did the bulb nurseries of Holland, which were long famous for flowers and ornamental plants.

The modern nursery, staffed by horticulture experts and equipped with facilities for both experimental and mass production, supplies home gardeners, flower and fruit growers, farmers, and foresters with seeds and seedlings of specified qualities. Under nursery conditions varieties of plants have been bred that have greater yields and are hardier, longer blooming, and more disease resistant than those grown in the ordinary farm or garden, where controlled selection and hybridization is usually impractical (see plant breedingplant breeding,
science of altering the genetic pattern of plants in order to increase their value. Increased crop yield is the primary aim of most plant-breeding programs; advantages of the hybrids and new varieties developed include adaptation to new agricultural areas,
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). Graftinggrafting,
horticultural practice of uniting parts of two plants so that they grow as one. The scion, or cion, the part grafted onto the stock or rooted part, may be a single bud, as in budding, or a cutting that has several buds.
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 and buddingbudding,
type of grafting in which a plant bud is inserted under the bark of the stock (usually not more than a year old). It is best done when the bark will peel easily and the buds are mature, as in spring, late summer, or early autumn.
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 are also commonly used by nurseries to produce superior plants, and some plants are now propagated from cells grown in a sterile medium.

nursery

1. A room or place set apart for small children.
2. A place where plants, shrubs, and small trees are grown, usually for transplanting elsewhere.

nursery

1. a place where plants, young trees, etc., are grown commercially
2. an establishment providing residential or day care for babies and very young children; cr?che
3. short for nursery school
4. Billiards
a. a series of cannons with the three balls adjacent to a cushion, esp near a corner pocket
b. a cannon in such a series
References in periodicals archive ?
75m The nurseries, which are all rated 'outstanding' by Ofsted, currently provide care for more than 370 children.
Education convenor Councillor Susan McGill said: "Staff and families at the nurseries should be proud of the work they do to make sure our children continue to be learn and develop important skills for the next step in their education.
There are just 14 council-run nurseries left in Birmingham and they tend to be used by low income families who have no alternative but to use the free subsidised provision.
The top 10 North-east nurseries have now been revealed - and include four from our area.
Portland Nurseries has four nurseries based in Edgerton and Lindley and has provided care for over 4,000 children.
MP Pat Glass fears for the sustainability of nurseries in her Durham constituency
Mouza Al Shoomi, Director of the Child Department at the ministry, told Gulf News on Monday that the ministry issued warnings to 25 nurseries for committing 35 violations.
Four nurseries in the UAE have been shut down in the past six months for not meeting health and safety standards.
Issue a ministerial order organising the nurseries section
According to the set rules, all nurseries are only open from 7am to 2pm.
Summary: Muscat: In a major overhaul, the managements of nurseries in Oman have been .
It is a big reassurance for parents to know that the owner of the business works there as well, rather than employing a manager like some nurseries do," Alison added.