nursery

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nursery,

in horticulture, an establishment or area for the propagation, breeding, and early cultivation of plants. In North America the term nursery originally specified a place where hardy woody plants, especially fruit trees, were started; but as the market for and interest in new varieties of garden plants increased, nurseries broadened their province to include the cultivation and development of all types of plants, including tropical varieties and annuals, and their sale either as seedlings ready for planting or as seeds. Until the advent of artificial irrigation and the use of vast greenhouses to control temperature, nurseries depended on natural conditions for success—as did the bulb nurseries of Holland, which were long famous for flowers and ornamental plants.

The modern nursery, staffed by horticulture experts and equipped with facilities for both experimental and mass production, supplies home gardeners, flower and fruit growers, farmers, and foresters with seeds and seedlings of specified qualities. Under nursery conditions varieties of plants have been bred that have greater yields and are hardier, longer blooming, and more disease resistant than those grown in the ordinary farm or garden, where controlled selection and hybridization is usually impractical (see plant breedingplant breeding,
science of altering the genetic pattern of plants in order to increase their value. Increased crop yield is the primary aim of most plant-breeding programs; advantages of the hybrids and new varieties developed include adaptation to new agricultural areas,
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). Graftinggrafting,
horticultural practice of uniting parts of two plants so that they grow as one. The scion, or cion, the part grafted onto the stock or rooted part, may be a single bud, as in budding, or a cutting that has several buds.
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 and buddingbudding,
type of grafting in which a plant bud is inserted under the bark of the stock (usually not more than a year old). It is best done when the bark will peel easily and the buds are mature, as in spring, late summer, or early autumn.
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 are also commonly used by nurseries to produce superior plants, and some plants are now propagated from cells grown in a sterile medium.

nursery

1. A room or place set apart for small children.
2. A place where plants, shrubs, and small trees are grown, usually for transplanting elsewhere.

nursery

1. a place where plants, young trees, etc., are grown commercially
2. an establishment providing residential or day care for babies and very young children; cr?che
3. short for nursery school
4. Billiards
a. a series of cannons with the three balls adjacent to a cushion, esp near a corner pocket
b. a cannon in such a series
References in periodicals archive ?
The Ministry of Social Affairs' child department, the body responsible for supervising nurseries across the country, said the nurseries were closed because they failed to comply with Civil Defence regulations.
Issue a ministerial order organising the nurseries section
According to the set rules, all nurseries are only open from 7am to 2pm.
According to the Emirates News Agency (WAM), the private sector has 354 nurseries against 21 in the government sector.
Muscat: In a major overhaul, the managements of nurseries in Oman have been asked to furnish the details of the qualifications of their employees.
Stella Ziolkowski, director of quality and workforce development at NDNA, said: "Completing National Day Nurseries Association's e-Quality Counts is a fantastic achievement.
Bertram operates 31 nurseries across Scotland and northern England.
TWO South Shields nursery nurses are celebrating promotion by their bosses at the town's Stanhope Road nursery of locally-based Ashfield Nurseries and Early Learning Centres Ltd.
The deal to take over the nine TLC nurseries in the Midlands and South East takes the number of nurseries now run by the childcare giant to 133.
A week of frigid weather has left Ventura County growers with losses of $105 million, home gardeners anxious over mushy plants and local nurseries scrambling to replace thousands of plants and trees that succumbed to the cold snap.
When I read the whole of the article it did not actually seem to be nursery teachers who were the subject (contrary to the headline 'How your child's nursery school teachers could engender a new generation of Vicky Pollards'), but the childcare workers of private nurseries.
While many relied upon relatives or friends, others turned to day nurseries, institutions created by reform-minded women to address changing family needs in the industrial cities of the United States.