intervention

(redirected from nursing intervention)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.
Related to nursing intervention: Nursing care plan

intervention

1. Politics any interference in the affairs of others, esp by one state in the affairs of another
2. Economics the action of a central bank in supporting the international value of a currency by buying large quantities of the currency to keep the price up
3. Commerce the action of the EU in buying up surplus produce when the market price drops to a certain value

Intervention

 

in international law, the interference of one state in the internal affairs of another or in its relations with other states. Modern international law prohibits intervention and regards it as an offense against international law. In accordance with the principle of nonintervention, no state or group of states has the right to intervene directly or indirectly on any grounds whatsoever in the affairs of another state, and for this reason armed intervention and all other forms of intervention or threats of intervention directed against the political independence or territorial integrity of any state are considered violations of international law.

Intervention is outlawed by a number of international treaties and agreements, including the UN Charter, according to whose Article 2, Paragraph 4, all states are obligated to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state and from acting in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. The threat or the use of force should not serve as a means of settling international problems. All international disputes should be settled by peaceful means only (art. 2, para. 3, of the UN Charter). A state may resort to the use of force, including armed force, only in two cases, strictly defined by the UN Charter: in carrying out forceful measures decided upon by the United Nations (arts. 39, 41, 42), or in legitimate self-defense against an armed attack (art. 51).

A distinction must be made between intervention and simple influence (intercession). Intervention is always aimed at deciding the domestic or foreign affairs of another state in the interests of the state engaging in intervention. Simple influence in such forms as friendly advice or the offering of “good offices” is usually dictated by the interests of preserving or restoring international peace and security.

Despite the categorical prohibition of intervention in modern international law, the imperialist powers and above all the United States have continually intervened in the international affairs of other countries and peoples. These actions have included both open armed intervention—for example, the United States in Indochina—and secret and disguised intervention—the imposition of an alien political, economic, social, or other system; the organization of conspiracies, coups d’etat, and civil wars to achieve such aims; the dispatching of spies, terrorists, and saboteurs; financing, the supplying of armaments, and other forms of assistance to subversive groups; dumping; making loans with strings attached; exerting diplomatic pressure; and the use of radio, television, and the press to conduct hostile propaganda. The most dangerous form of intervention is armed intervention.

Since intervention by imperialist powers in various forms had become very widespread, the UN General Assembly at its 20th session in 1965 adopted the Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in the Domestic Affairs of States and Protection of Their Independence and Sovereignty. In this declaration all forms of intervention directed against the status of a state as a legal person or against its political, economic, or cultural integrity were condemned.

The USSR and the other socialist states, which consistently uphold a policy of peace and peaceful coexistence, have repeatedly opposed acts of intervention carried out by the imperialist states. The question of enforcing the 1965 declaration has frequently been raised on the initiative of the USSR in the United Nations.

REFERENCES

Baginian, K. A. Narushenie imperialisticheskimi gosudarstvami printsipa nevmeshatel’stva. Moscow, 1954.
Ushakov, N. A. Suverenitet v sovremennom mezhdunarodnom prave. Moscow, 1963.
Sharmanazashvili, G. Ot prava voiny k pravu mira. Moscow, 1967.
Kurs mezhdunarodnogo prava, vol. 2. Moscow, 1967. (Chief editor, F. I. Kozhevnikov.)

V. I. MENZHINSKII [10–942-t]

References in periodicals archive ?
Nursing time and frequency may not reflect the intensity per nursing intervention completely, yet they are the important indicators.
05), indicating comprehensive nursing intervention could lower score and relieve pain after surgery.
Nursing order sets are a set of specific actionable nursing interventions derived from RNAO's BPGs that can be used to formulate a client's plan of care (6).
It is therefore important for nurses, who are working with families of children with chronic illnesses both at inpatient and outpatient clinics, to know which nursing interventions are helpful and can benefit families to cope on a daily basis with the health situation of their child.
It is imperative that LVNs document their focused assessment findings, nursing interventions, and communication with physician and physician's orders.
In our study, the benefits of the brief acceptance-based nursing intervention on LC post-surgical recovery are assessed in terms of duration of postsurgical hospitalization, postsurgical pain, demand of analgesics, and anxiety.
The research objectives were to: 1) identify the types, causes, and frequency of conflict experienced by critical care nurses in ICU settings; 2) identify the nursing interventions critical care nurses find most helpful in situations of conflict; 3) describe the knowledge and skills required by critical care nurses when working in situations of conflict; and 4) identify the resources critical care nurses find helpful in responding to situations of conflict.
This study explored the effects of a family centered nursing intervention on family members of critical care patients as measured by support, collaboration, and respect.
People in or at risk for self care deficit are those in need of nursing intervention strategies to assist in becoming self sufficient in managing their disease processes.
The Nursing Presence (NP) program is based on the philosophy that physical 'being there' and mental 'being with' is essential for nurses to satisfy the health needs of care recipients and is a nursing intervention which encourages an individual's capacity to overcome the pain and distress derived from the disease or ageing process (Gardner 1985).
The finding of almost 100 percent use of the Fluid Management nursing intervention is not only biologically plausible in medical and nursing management of the heart failure patient, but the number one priority in acute heart failure management.
A research-based use OF t'ai chi/movement therapy as a nursing intervention.

Full browser ?