oath


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oath,

vocal affirmation of the truth of one's statements, generally made by appealing to a deity. From the earliest days of human history, calling upon the gods of a community to witness the truth of a statement or the solemnity of a promise has been commonly practiced. The force of the oath depends on the belief that supernatural powers will punish falsehood spoken under oath or the violation of a promise. The oath thus performs wide legal and quasi-legal functions. It was the basis of the medieval process of compurgationcompurgation
, in medieval law, a complete defense. A defendant could establish his innocence or nonliability by taking an oath and by getting a required number of persons to swear they believed his oath.
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. It is still used in legal proceedings today: Thus, a jury is sworn in, and a witness takes an oath before testifying. In modern times, the force of the oath is strengthened by punishment for perjuryperjury
, in criminal law, the act of willfully and knowingly stating a falsehood under oath or under affirmation in judicial or administrative proceedings. If the person accused of perjury had any probable cause for his belief that the statement he made was true, then he is not
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. Difficulties have arisen in cases of atheists or of persons with religious scruples against oath-taking (e.g., Quakers), but statutes have now generally been modified so that a witness may affirm his intention to tell the truth without appealing to a deity. The main classes of oaths are the assertory oath, which concerns past or present facts, and the promissory oath, which refers to future conduct (such as that taken by an alien upon naturalization or by a high government official on assuming office). In the 1950s, fear of Communist subversion led many governmental and educational institutions to institute loyalty oaths, which required employees to swear to their non-membership in the Communist party or other presumptively subversive organizations. In the 1960s these loyalty oath requirements were invalidated by the Supreme Court.

oath

1. on, upon, or under oath
a. Law having sworn to tell the truth, usually with one's hand on the Bible
2. take an oath to declare formally with an oath or pledge, esp before giving evidence

OATH

Object-oriented Abstract Type Hierarchy, a class library for C++ from Texas Instruments.

OATH

(1) (Oath) The name of the Yahoo and AOL divisions of Verizon. See Yahoo.

(2) (OATH) (Initiative for Open AuTHentication) A collaboration of security companies devoted to developing strong, standard authentication methods on the Internet.

(2) (OAuth) (Open standard for AUTHorization) A standard that allows a third-party website to gain access to resources without exchanging username and password, providing both sites support OAuth. The third-party site requests a token from the site that holds the user's resources, and if the user authorizes the transaction, a temporary access token is issued to the requesting site.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hearing a petition filed by Amarnaat regarding provincial lawmaker elected on minority seat Buldev Kumar, two-member bench of PHC comprised Justice Ikramullah and Justice Ayub Khan asked as to why oath had not been taken from Kumar.
They claimed that they will not let the speaker administer the oath to Kumar.
There will be no Senate elections in K-P until Kumar has taken his oath and court orders is upheld,' the court remarked.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) lawmaker Mehmood Khan warned they will not allow Kumar to take the oath.
Kalonzo should save himself from the embarrassment and ridicule Raila has had to go through since he took the purported oath, and respect the Constitution.
However, he added, the speaker was not issuing production orders for taking oath from his client.
We will compete towards the glory and fame of the Slovak Republic, in the spirit of morality and without doping or drugs," says the brief version of the Olympic and Paralympic oath of Slovak sportsmen and women.
The ECP further explained that there was no deadline for an elected member to take the oath in national and provincial assemblies.
With taking oath by these five judges, the strength of judges of SHC has been increased to 34.
Aside from Lapea, former Manila Vice Mayor Francisco 'Isko Moreno' Domagoso also took his oath as chairman of the North Luzon Railways Corporation.
The Hippocratic Oath and its discussion by scholars is merely mentioned to introduce the topic to the reader and provide a needed theoretical framework for analyzing subsequent oaths.
Trump will take the oath on a childhood Bible, as well as the Bible Abraham Lincoln and Barack Obama used to take the oath of office.