FIGURE 3: Species richness rarefaction curves based on the individuals of the present study (continuous lines) and the individuals of other four surveys in the Ombrophilous
Mixed Forest formation in Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul State, belonging to the same group according to the division of Higuchi et al.
The taxon is endemic to Brazil, occurring in the states of Alagoas, Bahia, Ceara, Minas Gerais, Parafba, Pernambuco and Rio Grande do Norte, in areas of caatinga, cerrado, ombrophilous
forest and restinga (Irwin & Barneby, 1982, Souza & Bortoluzzi, 2015).
8ha, within a remnant of Ombrophilous
Mixed Forest (FOM).
and subhumid forest enclaves are also found within the CPD, and are locally known as brejos de altitude.
It is found in mixed ombrophilous
forests and in fields in the states of Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Lorenzi et al.
The predominant vegetation is the tropical ombrophilous
submontane forest (Solorzano et al.
The goal of the FONDECYT 1990894 project was to study fire effects on temperate and subpolar evergreen ombrophilous
forest, rich in thalloepiphytes and in groun-roated herbaceous fetos.
2015), in streams located in area of native forest (comprised dense ombrophilous
forests, lowland vegetation, dense woody vegetation on both banks, with buffer widths of 12-18 m), secondary forest (comprised semi-deciduous and secondary dense ombrophilous
vegetation, were located within sugarcane properties showing clear signs of deforestation with a relatively open understory and 6-12 m of riparian buffer zones) and sugarcane (riparian vegetation consisted primarily of Brachiaria type grasses, severe erosion with the presence of gullies), suggested that this component had significant effects on some aspects of the fish assemblages, such as species composition and trophic structure.
CAM = Fields; DEF = Seasonal Deciduous Forest; FN = Nebular Forest; VL = Coastal Vegetation; FOD = Ombrophilous
Dense Forest; FOM = Ombrophilous
Mixed Forest; FFA = Faxinal Forests (Adapted and modified from SOUZA et al.
It is included in Atlantic Forest biome, and comprises three ecosystems: mangrove, restinga, and ombrophilous
forest (Afonso et al.
Studies on vascular epiphytes in Brazilian semideciduous forests are concentrated in the Southern and Southeastern regions of the country (Borgp, Silva, & Petean, 2002; Rogalski & Zanin, 2003; Giongp & Waechter, 2004; Cervi & Borgo, 2007; Dettke, Orfrini, & Milaneze-Gutierre, 2008; Menini Neto, Forzza, & Zappi, 2009; Bataghin, Barros, & Pires, 2010); the patterns found are similar and the Orchidaceae and Bromeliaceae families prevail, although they present richness and diversity lower than that of ombrophilous
forest formations (Kersten, 2010).
The original vegetation, an Ombrophilous
Dense Forest (Veloso, Rangel Filho, & Lima, 1991), was intensively deforested to exploit the high economic value of some tree species, and the remaining vegetation was burned afterwards, followed by the establishment of Bracharia humidicula (Rendle) Schweickerdt pastures.