Neglect of Duty(redirected from omission of duty)
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Neglect of Duty
in Soviet criminal law, a type of official crime. Neglect of duty consists in nonfulfillment or improper fulfillment of duties by an official that results in substantial harm to state or social interests or to a citizen’s rights and interests that are protected by law; it is caused by a careless or unconscientious attitude. The categorization of an act as one of neglect presupposes that it was possible for the accused to carry out his official duties. The crime is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term not exceeding three years, by corrective labor without deprivation of freedom for a term not exceeding one year, or by dismissal from office (art. 172 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).