open source


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open source

a. intellectual property, esp computer source code, that is made freely available to the general public by its creators
b. (as modifier): open source software

open source

(philosophy, legal)
A method and philosophy for software licensing and distribution designed to encourage use and improvement of software written by volunteers by ensuring that anyone can copy the source code and modify it freely.

The term "open source" is now more widely used than the earlier term "free software" (promoted by the Free Software Foundation) but has broadly the same meaning - free of distribution restrictions, not necessarily free of charge.

There are various open source licenses available. Programmers can choose an appropriate license to use when distributing their programs.

The Open Source Initiative promotes the Open Source Definition.

The Cathedral and the Bazaar. was a seminal paper describing the open source phenomenon.

Open Sources - O'Reilly book with full text online.

Articles from ZDNet.

open source

Software that is distributed with its source code so that end user organizations and vendors can modify it for their own purposes. Most open source licenses allow the software to be redistributed without restriction under the same terms of the license. For the complete, official definition of open source, visit www.opensource.org/docs/osd. For a list of approved open source licenses, visit www.opensource.org/licenses.

There are thousands of open source titles, and although used on most platforms, they are particularly common in the Unix world. Major examples are the Linux operating system, Apache Web server and JBoss application server. See Linux, Apache and JBoss.

Free and Paid
A great amount of open source software is available at no charge, and many open source projects are developed by a community of volunteers. However, there are commercial vendors that enhance open source software, provide technical support and charge a fee, the most notable example being the Linux operating system (see Linux distribution).

Fewer Bugs Vs. Too Many Cooks
Open source proponents claim that the code in open source programs is continuously reviewed by new programmers, and bugs are weeded out more quickly. In addition, the wide variety of contributors leads to enhancements that might not otherwise be included. However, vendors of proprietary software counter by saying that having total control over the software is far superior; that the old saying "too many cooks spoil the broth" is especially true in software development.

Advantages of Open Source
The single major advantage is no licensing fees. A second advantage is flexibility. Users of open source software can modify the programs to fit their needs, and many companies use open source for this reason alone.

Another advantage is the ability to fast track a project. Since there is no contract to sign, IT departments can use the software without waiting for contractual negotiations to be completed.

Lastly, as long as there is one remaining, devoted contributor, the software will continue to be enhanced. In the world of proprietary, commercial software, a useful program that users may truly love is often abandoned when it no longer generates enough profit. For more information, visit www.opensource.org and www.sourceforge.net.

The Free and Open Source Communities
In the late 1990s, open source software was derived from "free software," meaning free of restrictions and why the phrase "free and open source software" is often used. Whereas the "free software" movement promotes the user's freedom as an ethical issue, the philosophy of open source focuses on the practical benefits when users cooperate with each other. Nearly all open source software conforms to the free software movement, but there are occasional exceptions because the definition of free software is more strict (see free software). See open data, Shared Source and open source hardware.
References in periodicals archive ?
But the overall trends of technology are likely to push open source closer and closer to the mainstream.
We can expect great things in the future from the open source community in the advancement of open source applications," said Ali Shadman, vice president and general manager, Open Source Solutions, Systems and Technology, Unisys.
The 451 Commercial Adoption of Open Source (CAOS) Research Service helps enterprise end users, software vendors and investors track and understand the opportunities and threats presented by open source.
Covalent Technologies, another leading open source provider, has stepped up to applaud Terracotta's OSS initiative.
Especially designed for IT decision makers, enterprise architects, current and future Red Hat customers, engineering managers, open source enthusiasts and partners from around the world, the Red Hat Summit 2007 is the industry's premiere open source knowledge exchange.
It's an ideal way to establish best practices for the use of open source and share the insights we've gained during our own development efforts.
Gartner predicts that by 2010, 75 percent of Global 2000 enterprises will include open source in mission-critical software portfolios.
Simula Labs, the delivery platform for open source, today announced that Covalent Technologies, a leading supplier of complete enterprise open source solutions, has joined the Simula Labs CoRE Network as an official partner.
New Portal Facilitates Public Sector Use of Open Source Software
GroundWork has emerged as the only commercial open source vendor in the IT operations management space that has generated substantial revenue, and is clearly the most legitimate threat to the incumbent, 'Big 4' proprietary vendors.
Leading Open Source Consulting Firm Enhances Next Generation Internet Practice with Popular Open Source Business Intelligence Suite
Open Source Services Pioneer Partners with World's Most Popular Open Source BI Suite
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