ophthalmia


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ophthalmia

inflammation of the eye, often including the conjunctiva

Ophthalmia

 

a predominantly noninfectious inflammation of the membranes of the eye. Inflammations may arise in the conjunctiva and the cornea under the action of certain types of radiation, for example, electricity, which causes electric ophthalmia in welders and cinematographers, and reflected light, which causes snow blindness in arctic explorers and mountain climbers who fail to use protective goggles. Inflammations also occur when foreign bodies enter the eye.

“Ophthalmia” also refers to sympathetic irritations of the eye, which arise in one eye with penetrating wounds of the other eye, and to metastatic ophthalmia—a purulent inflammation that originates in a distant inflammatory focus. Ophthalmia is treated by removing any foreign bodies or by eliminating the underlying cause of inflammation.

ophthalmia

[äf′thal·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the eye, especially involving the conjunctiva.
References in periodicals archive ?
HLA associations and ancestry in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease and sympathetic ophthalmia.
Upper respiratory tract infection, ophthalmia neonatorum and diarrhea were found to be the most common morbidities associated with HIV-exposed formula-fed infants on ARV prophylaxis.
They are characterized by having a high percentage of both metallic and organic intraocular foreign bodies, greater contamination from occurring mostly in rural areas, delay in receiving medical care due to the time lag in transfers from remote sites of difficult access, the possibility of sympathetic ophthalmia, among many others.
Brockman Mining subsidiary Brockman Australia has enrolled into an exclusive three-year contract with railfreight operator Aurizon, which will grow and operate the rail infrastructure for Brockman's Marillana and Ophthalmia iron-ore plans in the Pilbara region of Western Australia.
She had begun to suffer from pyonephrosis (abscess of the kidneys) and also ophthalmia, the latter disease endemic in the district.
A narrative review by Hammerschlag concluded that prenatal screening and antenatal treatment of cervical infection syndrome was effective for preventing gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum and C.
Plato calls it anteros (255C-E), and its source lies in the eromenos himself: the stream of beauty that emanates from the beloved's body and so inflames the lover can be so abundant that it flows back into the beloved's eyes and infects him, just as one is infected with ophthalmia, with a form of eros that is a reflection ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 255D) or "image" (eidolon) of the desire that the lover experiences in a stronger and more regular form.
Pseudomonas ophthalmia neonatorum: a cause of blindness.
Furthermore, pregnant women infected with Chlamydia can pass the infection to their infants during delivery, potentially resulting in neonatal ophthalmia and pneumonia.