Conclusion: The detection rate of diabetic retinopathy using FFA is higher than that using direct ophthalmoscopy
We recommend routine ophthalmoscopy
and eye movement examination in each session of patient exam.
Diagnosis of NAION was based on the history of sudden vision loss, disc pallor on fundus ophthalmoscopy
, visual field defects consistent with NAION, and no signs or symptoms in medical history suggestive of arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AAION).
Patients with RRD were collected, after complete history and ocular examination including visual acuity, slit lamp examination, pupil examination, intraocular pressure and fundus examination with both direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy
Screening by ophthalmoscopy
for Toxoplasma retinochoroiditis in Colombia.
None of the dogs showed any visible change to ophthalmoscopy
, and the findings are not different from the normal pattern described for dogs (Figure 3).
was performed on all participants in a dark room to assess lens status (normal, moderate opacity, obvious opacity, aphakia [lens absent], pseudophakia [presence of intraocular lens] with posterior capsule opacification [PCO] or pseudophakia without PCO).
Fundus photography rather than direct ophthalmoscopy
will therefore probably become the standard of care for DR.
Chapters address Monte Carlo simulation, polarimetry, frequency domain imaging, multiphoton microscopy, optical coherence tomography, fluorescence techniques, blood flow imaging and angiography, photoacoustic and optoacoustic imaging, laser ophthalmoscopy
, intrinsic optical signal imaging of the retina, and methods for optical clearing.
revealed left optic disc edema, hyperemia and blurred inferio-nasal disc margins and no diabetic retinopathy (Figure 2A).
All patients were conducted the history taking, common ophthalmological examination (visual acuity test, biomicroscopy, direct ophthalmoscopy
, tonometry, perimetry), objective examination (decrease or absence of the tear meniscus at the eyelid margins, presence of conjunctival mucous secretions in the form of threads, local swelling of bulbar conjunctiva with superimposing on the free edge of the eyelid, flaccid conjunctival hyperemia, inclusions polluting the tear film).
This technique is well tolerated in awake patients most likely since the light intensity used is often well below that which is used in standard indirect ophthalmoscopy
," Mukai said.