Through the figure of a castaway, in other words, Webster evokes an optative
understanding of social problems through which different social arrangements, with fewer social evils, might be glimpsed.
As Whitman writes in the Emersonian optative
mood (15) in the early editions of Leaves of Grass, he employs the apostrophic O to convey this subjunctive hopefulness however much that mood is challenged in the years after the Civil War.
In three-fourths of the instances, simply identifying the slot as an apostrophe (nominative) or optative
construction made it relatively easy to determine where O was appropriately employed.
Abbreviations ABL Ablative ACC Accusative ACT Active Voice AOR Aorist DAT Dative DEM Demonstrative G Genitive IMPV Imperative INJ Injunctive INS Instrumental INT Intensive LOC Locative MED Middle Voice OPT Optative
PF Perfect IP Interrogative Particle PL Plural PRS Present PTC Participle REL Relative SG Singular
The sonically dramatic form of response follows a crash of a cymbal and performs the optative
function of willing and wishing South Africa (Azania) into becoming another name in the list of newly-liberated countries.
Of course, much of <i>DY</i> is still in what Emerson called "the optative
153), seems to be used in contrast to the optative
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (v.
for) we have in the English "might" at once the form might and might as power, the verb and the noun, the optative
subjunctive and the magic power to make or let it happen.
Their textbook is divided into thirty extensive and ambitious chapters which cover everything from the alphabet to the optative
The full set of speaker-oriented modality consists of imperative, prohibitive, optative
, hortative, admonitive, and permissive.
The sentence is technically a subjunctive conditional, with the additional complication that its main clause is either wishful or hortatory, bordering on what in some languages would be called the optative
, yet also taking the form of what grammarians categorize as an imperative.
Moreover, as is characteristic of Emerson's texts in their most hopeful moments, he is only able to make the gesture in the optative
mood--"I would write," as Stanley Cavell has stressed.