orgasm

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orgasm

the most intense point during sexual excitement, characterized by extremely pleasurable sensations and in the male accompanied by ejaculation of semen

Orgasm

 

the climax of sexual excitement, experienced toward the end of coitus or of surrogate forms of sexual activity, for example, masturbation and nocturnal emission. The biological role of orgasm, which is an unconditioned reflex, is to reinforce the entire sex act. Orgasm is not required in females for fertilization, and it is not experienced by females of most animal species, with some mammals being the exception. The mechanism of orgasm is complex, involving the physiologically coordinated participation of cortical, subcortical, and cerebrospinal nervous structures.

In healthy men coitus always culminates in orgasm. The majority of healthy, normal women, on the other hand, usually do not experience complete sexual arousal and orgasm until several months to several years after the initiation of a regular sex life. Subsequently, orgasm does not occur in women with every sex act; by convention, it is considered “normal” when sexual intercourse is accompanied by orgasm at least half the time. A large proportion of women—according to some data, up to 41 percent—never experience orgasm; many of them suffer from acquired anorgasmia, which can be corrected, while others may be conditionally characterized as “constitutionally frigid,” although they know all the joys of motherhood and consider their marriages happy.

Attempting to “cure” every case of anorgasmia is as unpromising as attempting to change the temperament of a human being as long as such a “cure” ignores the biological aspects of female sexuality and the differences between individuals.

REFERENCES

Vasil’chenko, G. S. “Orgazm.” In Patogeneticheskie mekhanizmy impotentsii. Moscow, 1956. Pages 47–51.
Imielinski, K. Psikhogigiena polovoi zhizni. Moscow, 1972. (Translated from Polish.)
Sviadoshch, A. M. Zhenskaia seksopatologiia. Moscow, 1974.
Malewska, H. Kulturowe i psychospoleczne determinanty zycia seksualnego. Warsaw, 1967.
Gebhard, P., J. Raboch, and H. Giese. The Sexuality of Women. London, 1970.

G. S. VASIL’CHENKO

orgasm

[′ȯr‚gaz·əm]
(physiology)
The intense, diffuse, and subjectively pleasurable sensation experienced during sexual intercourse or genital manipulation, culminating in the male with seminal ejaculation and in the female with uterine contractions, warm suffusion, and pelvic throbbing sensations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some people feel the issue of not having orgasm is absolutely for women only, this is wrong because, both men and women experience this problem.
A survey found that engaging in self-love can produce better orgasms, reports Daily Star Online.
The science of female orgasm has long eluded mankind despite scores of studies and a staggering amount of research.
From your letter, it sounds as if you can orgasm but just not through penetrative sex, which is actually incredibly common.
I've read that orgasms are a delicate process and that the path starts hours before sex is even initiated, way back when the man leaves you a little note on your pillow.
You'd think this would kill the mood, but some of my best orgasms happen after my girlfriend and I let ourselves laugh and play.
Q FOR the first two years of our relationship my wife never had an orgasm through straightforward intercourse.
Clearly the issue of the female orgasm is still controversial.
If a product could help even a small fraction of women, she says, it's worth it, given women's widespread trouble with achieving orgasms.
Even before Johns Hopkins University Press distributed review copies of The Technology of Orgasm, historians circulated rumors, descriptions, and notices of the upcoming work.
In a group of 25 women with SCI, another study (Sipski and Alexander) found that 44% reported the ability to achieve orgasm.
Treatment of inability to have orgasms, decreased sexual desire, and arousal disorders has not been attempted in a standardized fashion in women after spinal cord injury.