orthodontics


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orthodontics:

see dentistrydentistry,
treatment and care of the teeth and associated oral structures. Dentistry is mainly concerned with tooth decay, disease of the supporting structures, such as the gums, and faulty positioning of the teeth.
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Orthodontics

 

a branch of stomatology concerned with the study, treatment, and prevention of anomalies of development of the teeth and maxillofacial skeleton. The cause of these anomalies can be hereditary or dependent on prenatal and postnatal conditions of growth and development in the child. Common causes of anomalies of the maxillodental system include metabolic disturbances and childhood diseases that adversely affect the formation of the skeleton. Harmful habits, such as finger sucking, misuse of nipples, and labored nasal breathing, may contribute to the rise of anomalies. Deformities of the maxillodental system result in functional impairment of speech and of the digestive and respiratory organs.

The purpose of orthodontic treatment is to make cosmetic and functional improvements in the maxillodental system and to normalize the child’s development. Orthodontic treatment is complex, making use of special appliances combined with pharmacological agents and physical therapy; sometimes, surgery followed by logopedic treatment is necessary. The systematic care of the mouth in preschool and school children is another aspect of orthodontic treatment.

REFERENCES

Kalvelis, D. A. Ortodontiia. Leningrad, 1964.
Kurliandskii, V. Iu. Ortopedicheskaia stomatologiia: atlas, vol. 2: Ortodontiia, travmatologiia, cheliustnoe i litsevoe protezirovanie. Moscow, 1970.

A. A. KUZNETSOVA

orthodontics

[‚ȯr·thə′dän·tiks]
(medicine)
A branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention and treatment of malocclusion.

orthodontics

, orthodontia
the branch of dentistry concerned with preventing or correcting irregularities of the teeth
References in periodicals archive ?
While technology is changing how orthodontics is practiced, the end goal remains the same a beautiful smile and healthy teeth that will last a lifetime.
nhs englands guide for commissioning orthodontics details treatments appropriate for secondary care services as:
Most recently, Dr Borden has served as an orthodontist and consultant with Taylor Orthodontics in Crestwood, Ky.
Image Orthodontics has partnered with two amazing non-profits for the candy donation, Blue Star Moms and Move America forward.
The addition of Kids Dental Kare brings Western Dental's total number of offices in California to 190, including 24 dedicated pediatric dentistry and orthodontic offices.
In case of any decayed teeth, you need to first get them treated before initiating with your orthodontics treatment.
The play between the archwire and bracket slot is of fundamental importance in clinical orthodontics, as it indicates how many degrees the archwire must be rotated within the bracket before its edges come into contact with the slot walls, enabling it thus to transmit third-order information to the tooth.
Factors such as growing number of patients with malocclusion, jaw diseases, tooth decay/tooth loss, and jaw pain; increasing disposable income and expanding middle-class population in developing countries; increasing awareness among consumers about advanced orthodontic treatments; and technological advancements in orthodontic products are propelling the growth of the orthodontic supplies market.
Treated group (TG) consisted of 20 subjects (10 female and 10 male) were collected at Orthodontics department at the Araraquara Dental School, Universidade Estadual Paulista.
Using its 3D printing and scanning facilities, Ashford Orthodontics is supplying 3D scans of patients' mouths, which will enable ResMed to manufacture its innovative Narval CC appliances.
During his training, Trammell completed original research in clinical orthodontics.