osteoarthropathy


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osteoarthropathy

[¦äs·tē·ō‚är¦thräp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease of bony articulations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy masquerading as lower extremity cellulitis and response to bisphosphonates.
Moreover, it may occur in the setting of preexistent osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis, osteochondritis dissecans, neuropathic osteoarthropathy, tuberculosis, or osteochondral fractures.
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is characterized by digital clubbing, periosteal proliferation, and an arthropathy ranging from arthralgia to diffuse polyarthritis.
Foster and Edmonds (Diabetic Foot Clinic, King's College Hospital, UK) include color photos and 121 case studies from their clinic on neuropathic foot problems and ulcers, ischemia, infections, gangrene, traumatic injuries, Charcot's osteoarthropathy, dermatological problems, renal impairment, emergencies, angiology, and surgery and amputation, with information on initial presentation, treatment, long-term care, management problems, barriers to effective care, preventable mistakes, challenging situations, and other aspects.
The absence of an underlying cause and the genetic history prompted a diagnosis of pachydermoperostosis or primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy.
The differential diagnosis includes other causes of osteomyelitis, including fungal or parasitic etiologies, neuropathic osteoarthropathy, and neoplasm.
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy occurs in up to a third of cases.
Charcot arthropathy (also known as neuropathic osteoarthropathy or neuropathic arthropathy) is a progressive, degenerative arthritis associated with an underlying central or associated neurological disease that affects the peripheral or spinal joints (1) It was first reported in 1868 by Charcot in a case (1) that involved tabes dorsalis and is especially characterized by progressive osteoclasts, bone resorption, and deformity.
Charcot's osteoarthropathy is a devastating, chronic, progressive destruction of bone and joint integrity affecting one or more peripheral articulations.
However, since periosteal bone formation can be a component of pulmonary osteoarthropathy, the results could have been attributed to a low partial pressure of oxygen and tissue hypoxia in their patients.
MR imaging of osteomyelitis and neuropathic osteoarthropathy in the feet of diabetics.