outer effects

outer effects

[′au̇d·ər i′feks]
(physics)
Effects on x-ray diffraction that involve neighboring atoms or molecules.
References in periodicals archive ?
This procedure preserves the unglazed work from the outer effects such as dust or dirt as well as providing some glossiness that eradicates the rough outlook.
Aside from the physical outer effects that a run on the treadmill can bring, exercise that calms the mind and brings harmony to stressed-out individuals is also popular.