parietal cell

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parietal cell

[pə′rī·əd·əl ‚sel]
(histology)
One of the peripheral, hydrochloric acid-secreting cells in the gastric fundic glands. Also known as acid cell; delomorphous cell; oxyntic cell.
References in periodicals archive ?
Identification and characterization of nesfatin-1 immunoreactivity in endocrine cell types of the rat gastric oxyntic mucosa.
The chief cells and the oxyntic cells can be made out in the gastric glands.
Classification of Gastric Enterochromaffin-Like Cell Histamine-Producing Neuroendocrine Tumors (a) Classification I II III Incidence, % 55-88 8-13 12-23 Multifocality Multiple Multiple Single Peritumoral Atrophic Hypertrophic Normal oxyntic mucosa Size, cm 0.
Serum pepsinogen I is secreted in the oxyntic mucosa, and PGII is secreted in both oxyntic and antropyloric mucosa.
Oxyntic types of cells or pancreatic tissue were not identified.
Finally, prolonged gastric-acid suppression leads to hypergastrinemia, which promotes enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell hyperplasia of the oxyntic mucosa.
Atrophic body gastritis (ABG), (4) a disorder that increases the risk for gastric cancer (1), is characterized by chronic inflammation of oxyntic mucosa that leads to progressive atrophy of the oxyntic glands with consequent hypochlorhydria (2).
Evidence for rheogenic sodium bicarbonate cotransport in the basolateral membrane of oxyntic cells of frog gastric fundus.
3] The highest concentration of ghrelin is found in the X/A-like cells of the oxyntic glands in the gastric fundus and other organs like small intestine, lung, pancreas, colon, pituitary, breast, kidney, and ovary.
C, Multiphoton microscopy reveals individual gastric oxyntic glands that are separated by a mesh of collagen fibers at the deeper part of the mucosal layer ([greater than or equal to] 60 m depth) D, The corresponding light-microscopic image shows there are chief cells and parietal cells in each gastric gland (hematoxylin-eosin, original magnifications x400 [B and D]).