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containment and packing prior to sale with the primary purpose of facilitating the purchase and use of a product. Before 1800 packaging was restricted almost entirely to containment for shipping, with minimum levels of protection and preservation. Grocery bags, for example, were known in the 17th cent.; however, it was not until the 19th cent. that practical bag-making machinery was developed. That century saw the emergence of metal cans (1810), setup boxes (1844), folding cartons (1879), and the Owens bottle machine (1899). Early in the 20th cent., marketing-oriented packaging began to evolve and branding, quality, storage and handling, and point-of-sale display became important attributes. By the end of World War II, packaging had become a major medium of advertising and marketing. In recent years, consumer advocates have argued that packages should contain more information on nutrition, unit costs, and contents. The Fair Packaging and Labeling Act of 1966 gave the Food and Drug Administration authority to determine that packages are labeled accurately; the 1990 Nutrition Labeling Act required packages to contain more nutritional information, forcing companies to relabel about 75% of all goods carried by supermarkets. Environmental concerns have led to the passage of state and local laws requiring that some types of packages (notably bottles and cans) be recycled. Manufacturers are attempting to allay further regulation by developing and using packages that cause less damage to the environment.


The process of physically locating, connecting, and protecting devices or components.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Paper Packaging Market Forecast Report 2016-2026 responds to your need for definitive market data:
Snack-food packaging consumed 163 million lb of PE resin and is projected to have lackluster growth of around 3% annually through 2004 and 2005.
There's definitely been a trend toward using coated white top, for example, and one reason for this has been the increasing use of point of display packaging.
Our reaction was, "This is really unfair," because ours is a great environmental package, and was more efficient in delivering beverages than any other packaging form available on the market at the time.
In 1993 DSD collected four times the plastic packaging (400,000 metric tons) it was designed to handle.
They established a consortium--Duales System Deutschland--to collect the packaging waste.
Retort packaging is increasingly proving to be a very effective technique for packaging food products that require extended shelf life, as marketers give great importance to this attribute of the product, observes the analyst of this research service.
The new rules have prompted passionate debate among legislators, environmental groups, and packaging industry professionals alike.
Considering their high value for money and better convenience in comparison to other types of food packaging, flexible food packaging has gained preference among end users in the United States.
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