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containment and packing prior to sale with the primary purpose of facilitating the purchase and use of a product. Before 1800 packaging was restricted almost entirely to containment for shipping, with minimum levels of protection and preservation. Grocery bags, for example, were known in the 17th cent.; however, it was not until the 19th cent. that practical bag-making machinery was developed. That century saw the emergence of metal cans (1810), setup boxes (1844), folding cartons (1879), and the Owens bottle machine (1899). Early in the 20th cent., marketing-oriented packaging began to evolve and branding, quality, storage and handling, and point-of-sale display became important attributes. By the end of World War II, packaging had become a major medium of advertising and marketing. In recent years, consumer advocates have argued that packages should contain more information on nutrition, unit costs, and contents. The Fair Packaging and Labeling Act of 1966 gave the Food and Drug Administration authority to determine that packages are labeled accurately; the 1990 Nutrition Labeling Act required packages to contain more nutritional information, forcing companies to relabel about 75% of all goods carried by supermarkets. Environmental concerns have led to the passage of state and local laws requiring that some types of packages (notably bottles and cans) be recycled. Manufacturers are attempting to allay further regulation by developing and using packages that cause less damage to the environment.


The process of physically locating, connecting, and protecting devices or components.
References in periodicals archive ?
The report contains insight into the key leading drivers and restraints in the global aluminium foil packaging market, as well as identifying leading companies in the market.
You can order this report today Gain an understanding of how to tap into the potential of this market by ordering World Aluminium Foil Packaging Market 2013-2023.
Leading National Aluminium Foil Packaging Market Forecasts 2013-2023 5.
Most companies focus on R&D and manufacturing, but have not considered packaging to be a strategic tool or a cost center.
Using Six Sigma methodology, 3M evaluated its own complex manufacturing processes and determined that it would be possible to reduce packaging-related expenses by $50 million over a five-year period, if it could streamline and centralize the global packaging process.
We combined best-of-breed packaging products, services and processes with supplier resources.
Convenience Trend Catches on the Packaging Industry 8
Manufacturers Working on Packaging, Labeling to Draw Customer
Table 1: Global Market for Packaging (2008): Percentage
0 of The 3M Integrated Packaging Tool from 3M is more instinctively organized with database content controls, workflow management, reporting and mass-change capabilities.
The first 3M Integrated Packaging Tool from 3M was introduced earlier this year, as part of 3M's strategy to offer a version of its internally developed integrated packaging management system.
Most companies are required to support multiple databases and disparate ERP systems, which makes packaging a real struggle," said Mike Haldane, business manager, 3M Professional Services.

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