panda


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Related to panda: lev, giant panda

panda,

name for two nocturnal Asian mammals of the order Carnivora: the red panda, Ailurus fulgens, and the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca.

The red panda, also known as lesser panda and cat bear, is found at high elevations in the Himalayas and the mountains of W China and N Myanmar. It resembles a raccoon but has a longer body and tail and a more rounded head. It is about 3.5 ft (105 cm) in total length and weighs about 12 lb (5.5 kg). The very thick fur is rust color to deep chestnut, with black on the under parts, limbs, and ears; there are dark eye patches on the white face. The red panda spends much of its time in trees but feeds on the ground, eating primarily bamboo leaves but also fruit, roots, and other plant matter. It is the sole member of the family Ailuridae.

The giant panda superficially resembles a bear, but its classification has been disputed; genetic research, however, indicates it is related to the bears, family Ursidae. The body is chiefly white, and the limbs are brownish black, with the dark color extending up over the shoulder. The ears and eye patches are black. Adults weigh from 200 to 300 lb (90–140 kg) and are from 4.5 to 5 ft (140–150 cm) long with a 5-in. (13-cm) tail. Giant pandas live in restricted areas of the high mountain bamboo forests of central China; their diet consists almost entirely of bamboo shoots. Rare in the wild, they breed poorly in captivity, but using artificial insemination and techniques designed to enable a female panda to raise twins, Chinese scientists have greatly improved the reproduction rate of captive pandas. Giant pandas are protected by law in China.

Pandas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, families Ailuridae and Ursidae.

Bibliography

See E. B. Schaller et al., The Giant Pandas of Wolong (1985); D. MacClintock, Red Pandas (1988).

panda

[′pan·də]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two Asian species of carnivores in the family Procyonidae; the red panda (Ailurus fulgens) has long, thick, red fur, with black legs; the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is white, with black legs and black patches around the eyes.

panda

1. a large black-and-white herbivorous bearlike mammal, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, related to the raccoons and inhabiting the high mountain bamboo forests of China: family Procyonidae
2. lesser or red panda a closely related smaller animal resembling a raccoon, Ailurus fulgens, of the mountain forests of S Asia, having a reddish-brown coat and ringed tail

Panda

(1) A family of security software from Panda Security, Bilbao, Spain (www.pandasecurity.com). Among other products, it offers a cloud-based antivirus program that collects malware data from all of its users that are passed on to the rest of the Panda community within a few minutes. See antivirus.

(2) A periodic set of changes to the Google search algorithm. See Google algorithm.

(3) (Panda Project) See Archistrat computer.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN), an intergovernmental wildlife law enforcement support body of South Asian countries, the Red panda, called 'habre' in Nepali, is as an endangered animal in Nepal and trade and smuggling of its hides and body parts is illegal.
For every download of Saving Pandas, $1 will go towards our goal to benefit the San Diego Zoo Global Wildlife Conservancy,” said Natalie Diekmann, a marketing representative for YANUA International.
In May, Gansu started a field survey on those pandas, hoping to find out more about their living conditions in two and a half years and eventually build a databank containing files on the wild pandas' genetic diversity.
3-5 months of the normal panda gestation period the are the unique an the 6 years old when a panda reaches sexual maturity
One technique involves close examination of pieces of undigested bamboo found in the poo, which gives valuable clues to the age of the panda that produced it.
That alone has helped protect more than 60 percent of the world's surviving panda bears.
China's latest national giant panda survey, released earlier this year, found there are nearly 1,600 pandas left in the wild, more than 40 percent previously known to exist.
The last panda survey in the 1980s found between 1,000 and 1,100 animals in the wild.
Por otro lado, como parte del apoyo ofrecido por Panda a este mayorista y pensando en la importancia que tiene la capacitacion al canal, ambas empresas ofreceran a los distribuidores una sesion tecnica de los productos de Panda, el proximo 15 de julio en la casa matriz de Centel.
CHESTER Zoo may become home to a giant panda - the only one in Britain, it was revealed last night.
The giant panda's close cousin, the red panda (or lesser panda), looks a lot like a raccoon.
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