distemper

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distemper,

in veterinary medicine, highly contagious, catarrhal, often fatal disease of dogs. It also affects wolves, foxes, mink, raccoons, and ferrets. Distemper is caused by a filtrable virus that is airborne; it is also spread by infected utensils, brushes, and clothing. Symptoms are high fever, apathy, and lack of appetite with resulting dehydration and loss of weight. The respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts become involved, and there is vomiting and diarrhea. A dog may recover from the above signs and then develop nervous complications, i.e., convulsions, localized muscular twitches, weakness, and paralysis. Distemper in dogs can be controlled by immunizing each animal as early as possible with a modified live-virus vaccine.

distemper

[dis′tem·pər]
(veterinary medicine)
Any of several contagious virus diseases of mammals, especially the form occurring in dogs, marked by fever, respiratory inflammation, and destruction of myelinated nerve tissue.

distemper

A paint containing earth pigments, calcium carbonate, tinting colors, glue size, or casein, mixed with water; tempera.

distemper

1
any of various infectious diseases of animals, esp canine distemper, a highly contagious viral disease of dogs, characterized initially by high fever and a discharge from the nose and eyes

distemper

2 Art
1. a technique of painting in which the pigments are mixed with water, glue, size, etc., used for poster, mural, and scene painting
2. the paint used in this technique or any of various water-based paints, including, in Britain, whitewash
References in periodicals archive ?
Cerebellar hypoplasia can result from exposure to panleukopenia virus itself or from modified live panleukopenia vaccines given to cats during pregnancy or to kittens before 4 weeks of age.
reported the isolation of CPV-2a from a cat manifesting clinical signs of feline panleukopenia (36).
Phylogenetically informative amino acid sequences in the VP2 gene Virus 80 87 93 103 232 297 FPLV/MEV-1 Lys Met Lys Val Val Ser MEV-2/BFPV Lys Met Lys Val Val Ser CPV-2 Arg Met Asn Ala Ile Ser CPV-2a Arg Leu Asn Ala Ile Ser/Ala CPV-2b Arg Leu Asn Ala Ile Ser/Ala CPV-2c(a) Arg Leu Asn Ala Ile Ala CPV-2c(b) Arg Leu Asn Ala Ile Ala Virus 300 305 323 426 555 564 568 FPLV/MEV-1 Ala Asp Asp Asn Val Asn Ala MEV-2/BFPV Val Asp Asp Asn Val Asn Ala CPV-2 Ala Asp Asn Asn Val Ser Gly CPV-2a Gly Tyr Asn Asn Ile Ser Gly CPV-2b Gly Tyr Asn Asp Val Ser Gly CPV-2c(a) Asp Tyr Asn Asn Val Ser Gly CPV-2c(b) Asp Tyr Asn Asp Val Ser Gly FPLV = Feline panleukopenia virus; MEV = Mink enteritis virus; BFPV = blue fox parvovirus; CPV = Canine parvovirus.
Antigenic structure and variation of canine parvovirus type-2, feline panleukopenia virus, and mink enteritis virus.
If you don't vaccinate a kitten, it will almost certainly get infected by panleukopenia within the first several months of life.
No specific cat breed is known to be either prone or resistant to panleukopenia.
Among all agents of feline illness and mortality, few if any are more pernicious--especially to kittens--than feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), The disease is also known in some circles as "distemper," a misnomer, notes Fred Scott, DVM, PhD, a professor emeritus of virology in Cornell University's College of Veterinary Medicine and founding director of the Cornell Feline Health Center.
These include panleukopenia (feline parvovirus infection), feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection; feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infection, salmonellosis (from eating Salmonella-contaminated food) and heart-worm infection.
Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV)--a virus that causes a lethal and highly contagious disease, also known as feline distemper.
A prime example is the vaccine created to protect against the feline panleukopenia virus (FPV).
Considered as necessary for all cats, they offer protection against the following viruses: feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), which causes a highly and often fatal contagious disease that is marked by fever, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration; feline herpes virus (FHV), which causes severe upper respiratory distress; feline calicivirus (FCV), which causes infection of the respiratory system and ulcers of the oral cavity; and the rabies virus, which causes inevitably fatal disease affecting the central nervous system.
The other three are those that protect against feline panleukopenia virus, calicivirus and rabies.