Paralogism

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Paralogism

 

an accidental error in logic. Paralogisms are opposed to sophisms, which are deliberate mistakes made in discussions, arguments, or debates.

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Although they build on results of previous chapters, each can also usefully be read in isolation, as they each contain a history of German rational psychology with respect to the topic of the relevant Paralogism and then an interpretation of that Paralogism in light of that history.
The paper considers Kant's criticism of rational psychology in the Paralogisms of Pure Reason in light of his German predecessors.
21) Kant argues in the Paralogisms (in both editions) against out knowledge of a substantial self, and he argues that in psychology we have no evidence of any extended substance.
41) The relevance of Kant's views on substance to his conception of the substrate of thought, the psyche or soul, can be glimpsed in an important passage from the Paralogisms of 1781:
A close reading in this spirit of the paralogisms (his proof that certain dogmatic assertions of rational psychology are formally fallacious) begins in the second chapter with the chief features of the soul treated in the first two paralogisms.
As one would expect, Keller has extended discussions of the A and B deductions, the Analogies of Experience, the Paralogisms, and the Refutation of Idealism.
The first is Kant's skeptical attack on the claims of pure reason to epistemic authority, where the focus is on the paralogisms and the antinomies of pure reason.