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(pərōl`), in criminal law, release from prison of a convict before the expiration of his term on condition that his activities be restricted and that he report regularly to an officer. The convict generally remains under sentence, and the restrictions (as of residence, occupation, type of associates) and the supervision are intended to prevent a relapse into crime. Any violation of parole may result in return to imprisonment. The procedure of parole is regulated by statute in the jurisdictions of the United States. It is less often administered directly by the executive than it is by a board or officer with the power to release a convict after he has served the minimum of an indeterminate sentencesentence,
in criminal law, punishment that a court orders, imposed on a person convicted of criminal activity. Sentences typically consist of fines, corporal punishment, imprisonment for varying periods including life, or capital punishment, and sometimes combine two or more
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. Parole is designed to give the prisoner a chance to readjust and to expedite the process of rehabilitation. In military law, a parole is the promise by a prisoner of war on being released from confinement that he will remain in a stipulated place, not attempt to escape, and not take up arms again in the current hostilities against the forces that captured him.


See studies by G. Cavender (1982) and H. E. Allen (1985).





the conditional release from punishment of convicted offenders before they have served the entire sentence set by the court. Under Soviet law, parole may be applied to persons sentenced to exile, banishment, deprivation of freedom, or correctional labor without deprivation of freedom. It may also be applied to persons serving conditional sentences of deprivation of freedom with certain obligatory work, to military personnel assigned to disciplinary battalions, and to persons conditionally released from deprivation of freedom with obligatory work on the condition that the convicted persons have shown by exemplary behavior and an honest attitude toward work that they have reformed. As a rule, parole may be applied only after half, two-thirds, or three-fourths of the term of punishment has been served. It is not applicable to particularly dangerous recidivists, persons convicted of especially dangerous crimes against the state, or persons convicted of intentional homicide with aggravating circumstances; neither can parole be applied in several other cases provided by law.

References in periodicals archive ?
Questions around the final decision to release a prisoner on parole needs to be directed to the Parole Board Queensland.
He's going to get parole," Galanter told USA Today.
While out on parole, the parolees will be placed under the supervision of the DOJ's Parole and Probation Administration (PPA) until they reached the maximum period of their prison sentences.
The Structured Decisionmaking Framework (1) was created to help parole board members minimize the effect of peripheral factors and reach more evidence-based parole decisions, before and after release, with the parameters of parole legislation and policy in mind.
In March 1970, a 14-year-old girl and her 9-year-old brother were walking home when they were approached by LaPierre, who concocted a story to draw the children to his car, according to the Parole Board.
Admitting he was "shocked" at how the decision was made, the President also wanted to find out if sanctions could be imposed on the Board of Pardons and Parole involved in the disputed release of Leviste.
Dhamne, however, said the authorities were yet to receive the order of parole sanction from the office of the divisional commissioner.
Deliberating over the technicalities of parole system, the minister said that prisoners jailed over cases under judicial review were released on a parole period of 8-10 hours only after which they were bound to return to their jail cells.
The parole board, he said, doesn't need to provide reasons for their decisions.
Although since 2008 she has been eligible for parole hearings every two years, the board also voted 2-to-1 to postpone her next hearing for 10 years - the longest deferral allowed - for reasons that include her failure to demonstrate understanding of what led to her crimes and her lack of remorse or empathy, board Chairman Aaron Felton said.
4) However, some prisoners have been released on medical parole before they have spent the minimum period required under the relevant laws under which they were sentenced.