Using participatory action research
to build healthy communities.
Participatory action research
technique was selected as the most relevant approach because it was deemed most appropriate for the hands-on small-scale research project where the issues and problems were real and new to the workplace (11).
This is important to consider its scientific, social and political relevance and impact, to continue to value the participatory action research
approach, to emphasise the opportunity to consider the rural as a productive site for understanding the impact of globalisation and neoliberal economic policies, and to consider the general acceptance of the neoliberal discourse's universalisation (Corbett, 2016).
A participatory action research
methodology was deployed for the reflective evaluation stage (Kemmis, 2008; McIntyre, 2008).
Keywords: design studio; architecture and urban design; bottom-up; occupy urbanism; tactical urbanism; temporality; openness; ad-hocism; looseness; bottom-up aesthetics; participatory action research
Selener (1997) defined Participatory Action Research
as "a process through which members of an oppressed group or community identify a problem, collect and analyze information, and act upon the problem in order to find solutions and promote social and political transformation" (p.
Through the methodology of participatory action research
, a non-prescriptive approach, a broad, holistic concept emerged of what it means to be healthy, incorporating personal wellness in body, mind and spirit, family support and community connection.
Participatory Action Research
(PAR) is an innovative approach to empowering and including consumers in the development of a health resource.
The provocative work of Michelle Fine in Revolutionizing Education (Cammarota & Fine, 2008), links education and youth participatory action research
focusing on amelioration in the distribution of power and resources (distributive justice), unjust policies and practices (procedural justice), and respect for all (justice of recognition).
All these aspects and propositions that make up community development unite in the gestation and beginnings of Participatory Action Research
(De Miguel, 1993; Park, 1992; Ander-Egg, 1990; Demo, 1984) wich emerged as a way of giving people power so they could take on efficient action to improve their living conditions, what is revolutionary about this aspect is not only the fact that people question their conditions and look for ways to take action to improve the community's and their own wellbeing, but also the fact that they call this process research, are involved, and handle it as an intellectual activity that generates collective knowledge.
To explore the viability of CP within these initiatives this study adopted a unique and holistic participatory action research
approach with children in South Africa (SA).
Allow the experience of communities and health workers to be heard, through use of innovative research methods that engage and empower communities including participatory action research
, photo-voice, simulations and games