parvovirus


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Related to parvovirus: Canine parvovirus, distemper

parvovirus

(pär'vōvī`rəs), any of several small DNA viruses that cause several diseases in animals, including humans. In humans, parvoviruses cause fifth disease, or erythema infectiosum, an acute disease usually affecting young children. Symptoms include a rash that spreads from the cheeks (hence the common name slap-cheek disease) to the extremities, low fever, fatigue, and, in adults, mild to severe joint pain and swelling. Treatment consists of bed rest, fluids, and acetaminophenacetaminophen
, an analgesic and fever-reducing medicine. It is an active ingredient in many over-the-counter medicines, including Tylenol and Midol. Introduced in the early 1900s, acetaminophen is a coal tar derivative that acts by interfering with the synthesis of
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 for the fever. Parvoviruses have also been associated with aplastic anemia, arthritis, and spontaneous abortion in humans.

Dogs, wolves, and coyotes can become infected with canine parvovirus. Puppies are most susceptible to the virus, which causes diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. There was an outbreak of canine parvovirus in the United States in 1978, and it has become more common worldwide since then. Feline distemper, also called feline panleukopenia, an often fatal disease of cats, raccoons, and minks caused by a parvovirus, is characterized by fever, dehydration, loss of appetite, and a reduction in white blood cells. Annual vaccination against parvoviruses is routine in cats and dogs.

parvovirus

[¦pär·vō′vī·rəs]
(virology)
The equivalent name for picodnavirus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The bad news: the cost of treating a single puppy or dog for parvovirus generally starts at around $1,200 in less expensive veterinary markets, and can rise to more than $5,000.
The feline panleukopenia virus doesn't change very much, but with the canine parvovirus, we have seen mutations arise every two or three years that become widespread," he says.
The parvovirus vaccination can be administered along with distemper.
It normally takes two weeks for the parvovirus vaccination to be fully effective.
Now the mum-of-three is urging other dog owners not to think twice about getting their own animals vaccinated against parvovirus.
The mum, who also has a six-year-old son called Dylan, added: "I feel we have been so lucky that Seren survived and I want to join Simone Richardson in alerting others to the dangers of how devastating parvovirus B19 can be in pregnant women.
False positive laboratory test results for measles--some disease actually parvovirus B19.
Physicians should order immunologic assays for women who may have been exposed to parvovirus to assess maternal immunity and determine whether evaluation for fetal hydrops is necessary (SOR: C, expert opinion).
Clinical presentation of parvovirus B19 infection in HIV- infected patients with and without AIDS.
Molecular characterization of canine parvovirus strains in Argentina: Detection of the pathogenic variant CPV2c in vaccinated dogs.
Frequency of parvovirus B19 infections and its implications in newly diagnosed cases of paediatric haematological malignancies on induction chemotherapy is largely unknown.
Anahtar kelimeler: Cocuk, hematolojik bulgular, parvovirus, tedavi