pathognomonic


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

pathognomonic

[¦path·əg·nō′män·ik]
(medicine)
Characteristic of a given disease, enabling it to be distinguished from other diseases.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
2) The presence of daughter cysts on CT is pathognomonic.
CT findings demonstrated prevertebral calcifications at C1-C2, pathognomonic for acute calcific longus colli tendonitis (Figure 3).
The classical radiologic lesion of OM, which is pathognomonic, is Looser's zone, also known as pseudofracture or Milkman's zone which are seen as multiple, bilateral, symmetric radiolucent lines placed in the cortex perpendicular to the long axis of the bones.
In a very few instances, the disease may produce a pathognomonic sign (or signs) on the skeleton which would be sufficient for it to be diagnosed with confidence--eburnation in the case of osteoarthritis, for example.
Though uncommon, the sign is regarded as the pathognomonic MRI sign of Wilson disease.
Virus infection in cells and tissues always show a pathognomonic sign which is a clinical sign or lesion and characteristic of a specific disease so that it can be made a diagnosis based on simply seeing the sign or lesion[10].
The association with weakness is not pathognomonic of neurological pathology, as this may also occur in association with musculo-tendinous disorders.
Although mucocutaneous features such as recurrent oral ulceration are the most common presenting symptoms, BD lacks pathognomonic clinical or laboratorial findings and the diagnosis is made on the basis of a group of clinical features.
The sudden reduction in visual acuity, eye cyanosis and discolouration present in this case are pathognomonic of ocular involvement of necrotizing fasciitis [2]and this was radiologically confirmed by features of retro-orbital tissue necrosis on CT scanning.
Moreover, since many radiology reports miss the pathognomonic MRI findings of CJD, "it is critical that physicians be aware of MRI findings in prion disease and read their patients' MRIs [themselves]," Dr.
While education in pathology tends to focus on pathognomonic findings, the practice of nonneoplastic disease pathology requires a set of observations that increases the probability that one diagnosis is correct.
The visual disturbances when they occur are almost pathognomonic of methanol poisoning as compared to the other related compounds (5), and the diagnosis is almost certain if a patient presents with hyperosmolality, an increased anion gap and visual disturbance.