peccary


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peccary

(pĕk`ərē), small wild pig, genus Tayassu, the only pig native to the Americas. Although similar in appearance to Old World pigs, peccaries are classified in a family of their own because of anatomical differences. Peccaries have downward-curved tusks with which they fight ferociously when threatened. They have large heads and long snouts; both sexes have scent glands on the rump. There are two peccary species. The collared peccary, or javelina, Tayassu tajacu, is the more common, ranging from the SW United States to Argentina and inhabiting many types of country, from tropical swamps to dry scrub regions. It is about 20 in. (50 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 50 lb (23 kg); it has grizzled gray-black hair marked with a white neck band and an erectile mane on the neck. Collared peccaries move about in small family groups, eating roots, fruits, insects, worms, and reptiles. The white-lipped peccary, T. albirostris, is found in smaller numbers in forests from S Mexico to N Argentina. Reddish brown to black, with white lips and cheeks, it is somewhat larger than the collared peccary and more predacious in its habits. White-lipped peccaries move about in large herds foraging for food and hunting small mammals. Peccaries are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Tayassuidae.

peccary

[′pek·ə·rē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two species of small piglike mammals in the genus Tayassu, composing the family Tayassuidae.

peccary

either of two piglike artiodactyl mammals, Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) or T. albirostris (white-lipped peccary) of forests of southern North America, Central and South America: family Tayassuidae
References in periodicals archive ?
7 Table 2--Measurements (mm) of foot bones assumed to represent a left manus from a Late Pleistocene peccary (OMNH 73931) from Quartz Mountain Canal, Jackson County, Oklahoma.
Specifically, 1) we evaluated the fate of seeds in fruits consumed by peccaries and 2) the relationship between seed fate and size; 3) we tested the germination rate of the seeds following scarification and digestion; and 4) we determined whether differences exist between the two peccary species.
Jaguar scats contained a peccary and a cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus).
In addition to the Chacoan peccary, there is the white-lipped peccary, which lives mostly in dense rain forests from southern Mexico to northern Argentina, and the collared peccary, or javelina, which ranges from northern Argentina and Uruguay to the U.
There may also be a fourth species, the larger "giant peccary" of Brazil, but some authorities believe it is just a local variation or race of collared peccary.
This area contains diverse prey, including favored prey such as the white-tailed deer, collared peccary, white-nosed coati, nine-banded armadillo, and cattle, all of which have been identified as important components in the diet of jaguars in Mexico and Central America (Rabinowitz and Nottingham, 1986; Aranda, 1994; Nunez et al.
White-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari, Artiodactyla: Tayassuidae) diet and fruit availability in a Costa Rican rain forest.
In the southwestern United States, especially Texas and Arizona, one can readily encounter the White Collared Peccary (javelina), a smaller but no less aggressive pig-like creature that thrives on prickly pear cactus.
I got a white-lipped peccary quite easily and also an aguti and a coatimundi.
Recent fieldwork in Bastrop County, Texas, resulted in visual and photographic documentation of the collared peccary east of its known range.
Abstract: We studied fruit availability, diet and habitat use by white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) in Corcovado National Park, southwest Costa Rica, from July 1996 to April 1997.
Many refer to the javelina, or collared peccary, as a pig when actually they are not pigs at all but more closely related to bears and badgers.