Thlaspi

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Thlaspi

 

a genus of annual or perennial herbs of the family Cruciferae. The leaves are entire. The cauline leaves are sessile and amplexicaul; the radical ones are petioled. The white or pink flowers are gathered in a panicle. The fruit is an oblate silicle. There are 60 species, distributed mainly in the temperate belt of the northern hemisphere. The plants also occur in South America. The USSR has about 25 species, growing primarily in the Caucasus.

The pennycress (T. arvense) is a weed with winter and spring forms. A single plant yields about 10,000 seeds, whose oil (constituting as much as 30 percent of the mass of a seed) is suitable for industrial use. The grass and seeds contain the glycoside sinigrin (potassium myronate), which has a strong garlic-like odor. Cows fed grain mixed with Thlaspi seeds produce milk with a garlic taste. T. perfoliatum grows on rocky slopes, in the steppes, and amid crops in the European USSR, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia.

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Insects visited flowering canola up to 15 times more often than pennycress and camelina, perhaps because of higher nectar levels in each individual flower, which are much larger than those of camelina and pennycress.
The scientists obtained oil from wild field pennycress, pretreated it with acid, and used a type of alcohol called methanol to react with the field pennycress oil to produce both biodiesel and glycerol.
4 ha (one acre) of field pennycress can yield 680 to 907 kg (1,500 to 2,000 lb) of seed, potentially translating to 284 to 379 L (75 to 100 gal) of biodiesel.
Alpine pennycress is known to experience concentrations of up to 8,000 parts per million of toxic cadmium in its leaves.
The Pig's Eye Landfill in Minnesota was the battlefield, and Alpine pennycress the weapon -- a plant that can tolerate levels of zinc in its leaves 60 times higher than those which kill most plants.
The family-of-six had only moved to their new home in Pennycress Drive from temporary rented accommodation three months earlier so Kane, who was autistic, could have a garden to play in.
Besides white mustard, the researchers also evaluated the weed-control effects of field pennycress seed meal and dried distiller grains (DDGs), derived from corn ethanol production.
This fall, Innovation Fuels launched a pilot program across New York State to plant the non-edible, oilseed crop pennycress with the intent of producing biodiesel.
These grasslands, found amongst the river shingles of the Tyne at places such as Beltingham and Close House host a number of rare species including spring sandwort, Young's helleborine and alpine pennycress, making them internationally important.
These grasslands, found among the river shingles of the Tyne at places such as Beltingham and Close House, host a number of rare species including spring sandwort, Young's helleborine and alpine pennycress, making them internationally important.
The AliphaJet process can use a variety of renewable oil feedstocks obtained from plants, animal processing or emerging oil production methods such as algae and genetically modified organisms: seeds/vegetables (camelina, pennycress, palm, soy, corn), animal fats (beef, chicken), algae (Sapphire, Solazyme), GMO (Amyris, LS9, Genomatica).