Insects visited flowering canola up to 15 times more often than pennycress
and camelina, perhaps because of higher nectar levels in each individual flower, which are much larger than those of camelina and pennycress
The scientists obtained oil from wild field pennycress
, pretreated it with acid, and used a type of alcohol called methanol to react with the field pennycress
oil to produce both biodiesel and glycerol.
4 ha (one acre) of field pennycress
can yield 680 to 907 kg (1,500 to 2,000 lb) of seed, potentially translating to 284 to 379 L (75 to 100 gal) of biodiesel.
Like white mustard, field pennycress
also has potential as a biodiesel crop.
The energy content in bio-oil produced from pressed pennycress
seed feedstock did not show a similar increase.
Barry, 53, had a mental breakdown and the family are still fighting to discover the full truth behind how the ambulance managed to get lost en route to their home in Pennycress
Drive, Norris Green.
The surviving teams are pitching new, clean-energy business ideas that range from a new way to finance energy efficiency upgrades for municipal buildings to a new model for the biomass fuel industry using a non-food plant called pennycress
These grasslands, found among the river shingles of the Tyne at places such as Beltingham and Close House host a number of rare species including spring sandwort, Young's helleborine and alpine pennycress
Renewable oil feedstocks can be sourced from plants, animal processing or emerging oil production sources such as algae and genetically modified organisms: seeds/vegetables (camelina, pennycress
, palm, soy, corn), animal fats (beef, chicken), algae (Sapphire, Solazyme), GMO (Amyris, LS9, Genomatica).
While 15 billion gallons of that is expected to come from grain ethanol, the remaining 21 billion gallons will be derived from other feedstocks, such as sugarcane; perennial grasses, like switchgrass; and oilseed crops, such as rapeseed, pennycress
, camelina, and soybean.
A year ago, 10-year-old Kane Wade choked to death on a sweet when an ambulance was delayed because his house - in Pennycress
Drive, less than 50 yards from Brooklime Road - could not be found on a computer system.
On the moors around Alston, where lead mining has released heavy metals into the soil, plants like spring sandwort and alpine pennycress
, which can tolerate toxicity, have become established, while a site near Keswick is the only English location for the alpine catchfly plant.