Thlaspi

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Thlaspi

 

a genus of annual or perennial herbs of the family Cruciferae. The leaves are entire. The cauline leaves are sessile and amplexicaul; the radical ones are petioled. The white or pink flowers are gathered in a panicle. The fruit is an oblate silicle. There are 60 species, distributed mainly in the temperate belt of the northern hemisphere. The plants also occur in South America. The USSR has about 25 species, growing primarily in the Caucasus.

The pennycress (T. arvense) is a weed with winter and spring forms. A single plant yields about 10,000 seeds, whose oil (constituting as much as 30 percent of the mass of a seed) is suitable for industrial use. The grass and seeds contain the glycoside sinigrin (potassium myronate), which has a strong garlic-like odor. Cows fed grain mixed with Thlaspi seeds produce milk with a garlic taste. T. perfoliatum grows on rocky slopes, in the steppes, and amid crops in the European USSR, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia.

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Insects visited flowering canola up to 15 times more often than pennycress and camelina, perhaps because of higher nectar levels in each individual flower, which are much larger than those of camelina and pennycress.
The scientists obtained oil from wild field pennycress, pretreated it with acid, and used a type of alcohol called methanol to react with the field pennycress oil to produce both biodiesel and glycerol.
4 ha (one acre) of field pennycress can yield 680 to 907 kg (1,500 to 2,000 lb) of seed, potentially translating to 284 to 379 L (75 to 100 gal) of biodiesel.
Like white mustard, field pennycress also has potential as a biodiesel crop.
The energy content in bio-oil produced from pressed pennycress seed feedstock did not show a similar increase.
Barry, 53, had a mental breakdown and the family are still fighting to discover the full truth behind how the ambulance managed to get lost en route to their home in Pennycress Drive, Norris Green.
The surviving teams are pitching new, clean-energy business ideas that range from a new way to finance energy efficiency upgrades for municipal buildings to a new model for the biomass fuel industry using a non-food plant called pennycress.
These grasslands, found among the river shingles of the Tyne at places such as Beltingham and Close House host a number of rare species including spring sandwort, Young's helleborine and alpine pennycress.
Renewable oil feedstocks can be sourced from plants, animal processing or emerging oil production sources such as algae and genetically modified organisms: seeds/vegetables (camelina, pennycress, palm, soy, corn), animal fats (beef, chicken), algae (Sapphire, Solazyme), GMO (Amyris, LS9, Genomatica).
While 15 billion gallons of that is expected to come from grain ethanol, the remaining 21 billion gallons will be derived from other feedstocks, such as sugarcane; perennial grasses, like switchgrass; and oilseed crops, such as rapeseed, pennycress, camelina, and soybean.
A year ago, 10-year-old Kane Wade choked to death on a sweet when an ambulance was delayed because his house - in Pennycress Drive, less than 50 yards from Brooklime Road - could not be found on a computer system.
On the moors around Alston, where lead mining has released heavy metals into the soil, plants like spring sandwort and alpine pennycress, which can tolerate toxicity, have become established, while a site near Keswick is the only English location for the alpine catchfly plant.