penology

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penology

the science of prison management

penology

the systematic study of punishment, particularly imprisonment. The term was coined in the 19th-century along with the reorganization of the prison system and at a time of much debate about the purposes of imprisonment. In part, the introduction of the term reflected a ‘positivistic’ belief that a 'scientific’ solution could be found to many human problems. See also FOUCAULT, PANOPTICAN.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ross, Justice Robert Berdon concluded that the death penalty was unconstitutional under the Connecticut Constitution based on arguments raised in Anderson and Watson, namely its unacceptability to contemporary society, lack of a legitimate penological purpose, unreliability, arbitrary and racially discriminatory application, and barbarity--particularly given long delays between sentencing and execution.
The Court thus concluded that "[t]he restrictions were reasonably related to legitimate penological objectives.
The subjective views of prison officials may justify the denial of care, if based on "legitimate, penological considerations.
that there is a penological interest in limiting inmate's
24) Under the standard established by the Court--the Turner test--a prison regulation that impinges on inmates' constitutional rights "is valid if it is reasonably related to legitimate penological interests.
He found that the abolition of juvenile executions in a majority of states (thirty-one), including the recent abolition of the juvenile death penalty by seven states, and the infrequency with which state courts actually issued the sentence, evinced a national consensus that executing juveniles was a disproportionate punishment and could not be justified by traditional penological theories.
question advances a traditional penological goal or is "nothing
Early American courts also prohibited prolonged death row incarceration, instead advocating for the "swift infliction of the death penalty to further penological goals and to prevent the condemned prisoner from suffering unnecessarily.
The Court decided that a regulation that curtails fundamental constitutional rights can be upheld only if the restriction is "reasonably related to penological interests.
In Prison State, Bert Useem and Anne Morrison Piehl take on the social and penological critiques and alarms over the increase of imprisonment in the US.
The plurality concluded that a state's "refusal to change its method [of execution] can be viewed as cruel and unusual" only if the state, "without a legitimate penological justification, rejects an alternative method that is feasible and readily available and that would significantly reduce a substantial risk of severe pain.