penology

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penology

the science of prison management

penology

the systematic study of punishment, particularly imprisonment. The term was coined in the 19th-century along with the reorganization of the prison system and at a time of much debate about the purposes of imprisonment. In part, the introduction of the term reflected a ‘positivistic’ belief that a 'scientific’ solution could be found to many human problems. See also FOUCAULT, PANOPTICAN.
References in periodicals archive ?
This scheme reflected the collaborative effort by a number of leading Swedish penologists who, together with other Nordic colleagues, had developed a considerable literature on proportionality and its aims in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
By metaphorizing the relation between time and atrocity, the Penologist elaborated upon the various Chinese traditional penological "techniques" which slew the four dates the Stranger missed - dismemberment (with five carriages), castration, waist-cutting, and head-smashing - but concealed the real events forever.
In the 1880s, the famed penologist Zebulon Brockway developed a regime for juvenile offenders at his Elmira Reformatory, which explicitly borrowed military ranks, uniforms, and drilling (Osler, 1991; Smith, 1988; Rothman, 1980).
As mainstream penologists lamented the failures of mass imprisonment, the punishment system often reincorporated the ideal of rehabilitation into institutional narratives.
It discusses how Nazism helped institutionalize the correctional framework in Germany during the 20th century and how penologists created three pathways by sorting convicts based on moralizing social hygiene; the changing East German approaches to rehabilitation; how the German Democratic Republic dealt with sex offenders; how the Federal Republic established a correctional rehabilitation program; and how West Germany attempted to transform sex offenders into patients.
Since Gresham Sykes wrote his pathbreaking work on the society of captives, penologists have attempted to classify punishment forms according to their inherent harms or pains.
Epidemiologists will establish medical literature indicating how disease is transmitted in the prison context; penologists will speak to the viability of providing clean needles in prison, drawing on comparative evidence from other jurisdictions.
In 1970, a group of expert civilian penologists conducted a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the Army Confinement System (ACS), which consisted of three tiers:
It was Brigadier General Crowder who, after lengthy consultation with sociologists and penologists, convinced the Army--and the Congress--to create the U.
Penologists long ago concluded that this approach does not work, but apparently, OSHA has yet to receive that news.