penology


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penology

the science of prison management

penology

the systematic study of punishment, particularly imprisonment. The term was coined in the 19th-century along with the reorganization of the prison system and at a time of much debate about the purposes of imprisonment. In part, the introduction of the term reflected a ‘positivistic’ belief that a 'scientific’ solution could be found to many human problems. See also FOUCAULT, PANOPTICAN.
References in periodicals archive ?
130) I have suggested that this new penology indicates a move from a politics of coercion and due process to one of management and empowerment.
Social-constructivist methods have widespread acceptance in other adult learning domains (such as HRM and higher education), in K-12 pedagogy, and in the penology of the European Prison Rules (Muth 2008).
Penology is not a rigorous science but a set of ad hoc procedures, uncertain goals, and ambivalent and underanalyzed policies that vary widely from prison to prison.
The rise of Positivism in penology, coupled with the troubled history of the penitentiaries, helped signal the inauguration of a more secular approach to criminal justice.
If one compares these phases in the history of penology with changes in social history, one finds surprising interconnections.
They state that the new penology is not about punishing or rehabilitating individuals, but identifying and managing unruly groups.
Bush or any of his fellow governors would convene the leading experts in their states on social issues and penology, challenging them to reach consensus on the most effective long-term solutions to problems of juvenile crime, they'd hear that most of the solutions lie in prevention, in intensive work with families outside the criminal justice system.
Beccaria and other members of the Classical School of penology argued that the source of crime lay in the disorganized, arbitrary, and impossibly draconian criminal codes of the day.
More debatable (though in a positive way) is his determination to calibrate every shift in eighteenth-century penology exclusively with the requirements of advancing industrial capitalism.
Primoratz begins by distinguishing the task he is undertaking from that of psychology, sociology, penology, and criminal law, all of which study certain aspects of punishment and its application as they affect the individual and society.
These shared powers are in areas such as social security and pension; pollution control; penology, coast guard; customs and tariffs; funding for the maintenance of national roads, bridges and irrigation systems; and public order and safety.
Cayetano said through an arrangement with the governments' Technical and Education Skills Development Authority (TESDA) and private sector learning institution Informatics and the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP, prisoners will have an even chance at reform.