The present study shows for the first time that high glucose (55 G) was effective in suppressing ROT-induced apoptosis in lymphocytes via five pathways, involving (i) the pentose
phosphate pathway (PPP), (ii) the glutathione (GSH) pathway, (iii) the SOD and CAT antioxidant systems, and (iv) PI3-K signaling.
Bioconversion of pentose
sugar into ethanol: A review and future directions.
Reversible inactivation of D-xylose utilization by D-glucose in the pentose
fermenting yeast Pachysolen tannophilus.
Thus, 97% of the theoretical yield was reached in this study for the sugars present in pretreated coconut fiber, but not taking into account the sugars lost in the alkaline pretreatment or the pentose
fermented in the enzymatic hydrolysis.
FWGE also inhibits the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDFI), a metabolic enzyme essential for using glucose carbons to make ribose through the pentose
phosphate pathway mentioned above.
Abbreviations CPZ: Chlorpromazine PS: Phosphatidylserine AchE: Acetylcholinesterase RBCs: Red blood cells PB3: Band 3 protein Hb: Hemoglobin GEs: Glycolytic enzymes G6P: Glucose-6-phosphate PPP: Pentose
phosphate pathway HOS: High-oxygenation state LOS: Low-oxygenation state DNPH: 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine p-NPP: p-Nitrophenylphosphate Met-Hb: Methemoglobin PMSF: Phenylmethanesulfonylfluoride NBT: Nitroblue tetrazolium PMS: Phenazine methosulphate t-BHT: tert-Butyl-hydroperoxide EDTA: Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid TBARS: Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances OV: Orthovanadate DNP: Dinitrophenyl FACS: Fluorescence-activated cell sorting SD: Standard deviation pHi: Cytoplasmic pH.
On hydrolysis, yields a sugar called cerberose--a methyl pentose
Biological, enzymatic, or microbial hydrolysis commonly involves four biologically-mediated transformations: the production of saccharolytic enzymes (cellulases and hemicellulases); the hydrolysis of carbohydrate components present in pretreated biomass to sugars; the fermentation of hexose sugars (glucose mannose, and galactose); and the fermentation of pentose
sugars, xylose and arabinose [3, 4].
D-xylose, a pentose
sugar, is absorbed from the upper small intestinal tract.
Hyperproduction of tryptophan by Corynebacterium glutamicum with the modified pentose
Energy, stored as ATP, is obtained by anaerobic glycolysis (90%) and pentose
The fragment at m/z 503 corresponds to the fragmentation of pentose